Designing problem-based learning (PBL) model for tourism vocational education in 4.o industry


  • Gede Ginaya Politeknik Negeri Bali, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • I Nyoman Kanca Politeknik Negeri Bali, Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Ni Nyoman Sri Astuti Politeknik Negeri Bali, Denpasar, Indonesia


4. O industry, critical thinking, globalization, problem-based learning, vocational education


The consequences of globalization should be anticipated and adjusted in education, especially the teaching and learning process. The revolution industry of 4.0 has caused some disruption in various aspects including education that is intended for the purpose of learning and innovation skills. The objective of this study is to improve the quality of learning by applying the literacy movement, character values as a provision for life and career skills using the PBL method in tourism vocational education. By applying the descriptive qualitative research method, the data, both primary and secondary, were collected through participant observation in three classes of different study programs in the Tourism Department, Bali State Polytechnic, interview, and literature study.  The study found, so far, the implementation of PBL model in the classrooms has been effective.  The essence of PBL is regarded as problem-solving activities, which is in the hierarchy of high order thinking skills (HOTS). As a result, the students while giving solutions to problems in various tourism workforce are able to master critical thinking skills, collaboration in teams/social interactions, and soft skills.


Download data is not yet available.


Ambarwati, D., Suyatna, A., & Ertikanto, C. (2019). The Effectiveness of Interactive E-Book for Self-Study and Increasing Students’ Critical Thinking Skills in Electromagnetic Radiation Topic. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1155, No. 1, p. 012050). IOP Publishing.

Breunig, M. (2017). Experientially learning and teaching in a student-directed classroom. Journal of Experiential Education, 40(3), 213-230.

Bungin, B. (2001). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Denis, M., & Loomis, J. M. (2007). Perspectives on human spatial cognition: memory, navigation, and environmental learning.

Dettmer, P. (2005). New blooms in established fields: Four domains of learning and doing. Roeper review, 28(2), 70-78.

El Mawas, N., & Muntean, C. (2018). Supporting lifelong learning through development of 21 st century skills.

Erdogan, T. (2015). Research trends in dissertations on PBL: A content analysis study. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 197, 308-315.

Ertmer, P. A., & Glazewski, K. D. (2015). Essentials for PBL implementation: Fostering collaboration, transforming roles, and scaffolding learning. Essential readings in problem-based learning, 89-106.

Freeman, S., Eddy, S. L., McDonough, M., Smith, M. K., Okoroafor, N., Jordt, H., & Wenderoth, M. P. (2014). Active learning increases student performance in science, engineering, and mathematics. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(23), 8410-8415.

Ginaya, G., Rejeki, I. N. M., & Astuti, N. N. S. (2018). The effects of blended learning to students’ speaking ability. International journal of linguistics, literature and culture, 4(3), 1-14.

Ginaya, G., Somawati, N. P., Aryana, I. N. R., & Putra, I. M. A. (2019). Improving Students’ Communicative Competence through Inductive Method Using Authentic Materials. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 10(5), 1080-1088.

Hammond, M., & Wellington, J. (2012). Research methods: The key concepts. Routledge.

Handayani, N. D., Mantra, I. B. N., & Suwandi, I. N. (2019). Integrating collaborative learning in cyclic learning sessions to promote students’ reading comprehension and critical thinking. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 6(5), 303-308.

Hanushek, E. A., Schwerdt, G., Woessmann, L., & Zhang, L. (2017). General education, vocational education, and labor-market outcomes over the lifecycle. Journal of Human Resources, 52(1), 48-87.

Hirca, N. (2011, April). Impact of problem-based learning to students and teachers. In Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning & Teaching (Vol. 12, No. 1).

Kaouri, Z. (2017). Evaluating the use of ICT in education: Factors affecting teaching with technology. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Information, Communication Technologies in Education (pp. 449-462).

Łuczewski, M. (2018). Ruin and Restoration: On Violence, Liturgy and Reconciliation.

Macías, E. I. P., Cedeño, H. A. C., & Chávez, G. M. R. (2018). Importance of Improving Resilience in Teaching-Learning Process of Students with Disabilities. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 5(2), 120-128.

Masun, H., Rania, L., & Ghias, B. (2006). Adaptive web-based educational system using neural networks in EFL Course. In 2006 2nd International Conference on Information & Communication Technologies (Vol. 1, pp. 622-625). IEEE.

Matthew-Maich, N., Martin, L., Hammond, C., Palma, A., Pavkovic, M., Sheremet, D., & Roche, C. (2016). Nursing students’ perceptions of effective problem-based learning tutors. Nursing standard, 31(12).

Morrar, R., Arman, H., & Mousa, S. (2017). The fourth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0): A social innovation perspective. Technology Innovation Management Review, 7(11), 12-20.

Phungsuk, R., Viriyavejakul, C., & Ratanaolarn, T. (2017). Development of a problem-based learning model via a virtual learning environment. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 38(3), 297-306.

Ritchie, J., Lewis, J., Nicholls, C. M., & Ormston, R. (Eds.). (2013). Qualitative research practice: A guide for social science students and researchers. sage.

Sadia, I. K., Ginaya, G., Kanah, K., Dyah, W., & Nadra, N. M. (2019). Video-based observation in master chef role-plays. International journal of linguistics, literature and culture, 5(6), 78-91.

Sugiyono, P. D. (2010). Metode penelitian pendidikan. Pendekatan Kuantitatif.

Turiman, P., Omar, J., Daud, A. M., & Osman, K. (2012). Fostering the 21st century skills through scientific literacy and science process skills. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 59, 110-116.

Widana, I. W., Parwata, I. M. Y., Parmithi, N. N., Jayantika, I. G. A. T., Sukendra, K., & Sumandya, I. W. (2018). Higher order thinking skills assessment towards critical thinking on mathematics lesson. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(1), 24-32.



How to Cite

Ginaya, G., Kanca, I. N., & Sri Astuti, N. N. (2020). Designing problem-based learning (PBL) model for tourism vocational education in 4.o industry. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 6(1), 14-23.



Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)