International journal of business, economics & management <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJBEM&nbsp;</strong>is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. The frequency of publication is two issues per year, i.e. January &amp; July.<br>ISSN 2632-9476</p> SLOAP en-US International journal of business, economics & management 2632-9476 <p style="text-align: left;">All articles in the SLOAP Journals are published under the terms of the &nbsp;Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License&nbsp;(CC BY-SA) which allows authors and users to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the article.&nbsp;The &nbsp;Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License&nbsp;of an open-access article, as long as the author is properly attributed.&nbsp;Copyright on any research article published by SLOAP is retained by the author(s).&nbsp;Authors grant to the SLOAP right to publish the article, to be cited as its original publisher in case of reuse, and to distribute it in all forms and media.&nbsp;Copyright and source must be acknowledged and a link must be made to the article's DOI.&nbsp;</p> Auditor skepticism: Papuan case <p style="text-align: justify;">The current research aimed to know the influence of audit’s experience, independence, audit’s competence, audit’s situation, time budget pressure, and gender of the audit’s professional skeptic. This research was conducted at the BPKP agency of Papua, Indonesia. The sample was taken using a purposive sampling method with some criteria. The analysis’ technic used regression doubled linear analysis. According to the result of the partial test, it was found that independence, the audit’s situation, and gender had a positive influence on the audit’s professional skeptic. Audit’s experience, audit’s competence, and time budget pressure did not influence significantly to the audit’s professional skeptic.</p> Victor Pattiasina Anita Latuheru Dwita Fa’intan Ariani ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-05-12 2019-05-12 2 1 1 10 10.31295/ijbem.v2n1.46 A study on effectiveness of training and development programs <p style="text-align: justify;">The Indian banking industry is endlessly going through a process of transformation since the nineties, due to the introduction of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization (LPG), Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Therefore in order to sustain the economic and effective performance of Human Resource, it is important to optimize their contribution to the achievement of the aims and objectives of the organization through training and development. This paper main objective is to examine the level of performance in terms of imparting training. The second objective is to examine the effectiveness of training and development programs for employees in fulfillment of their duties. A present research paper is of descriptive type and based on primary data collected through a questionnaire filled by the bank employees. The data have been checked through statistical software to find the impact of training and development on employees’ performance. There are two variable Training and Development (Independent) and Employees’ performance (Dependant). The present paper explained that training and development are inevitable and unavoidable. Anyone can cope up with the existing challenges in the wake of severe competition with training and development only.</p> - Esha ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-15 2019-06-15 2 1 11 17 10.31295/ijbem.v2n1.62 Training needs analysis for non-gazetted police personnel: an empirical study of commissionerate police in odisha <p style="text-align: justify;">A Training Needs Analysis (TNA) is used to assess an organization's training needs. The root of the TNA is the gap analysis. This is an assessment of the gap between the KSA components that the people in the organization currently possess and the KSA that they require to meet the organization's objectives. The training needs assessment is best conducted up front before training solutions are budgeted, designed and delivered. Professional policing promotes the rule of law and can support economic growth and improve the lives of the poor by protecting them from crime. The police personnel has a vital role in a parliamentary democracy. The society perceives them as custodians of law and order and providing safety and security to all. This essentially involves continuous police-public interface. In India, the police are often perceived as corrupt, ineffective and brutal, stemming from a plethora of systemic, organizational and behavioral challenges. Officers themselves report feeling unsatisfied, overworked and neglected by the system. The recommendations of the National Police Commission (1977-81) have suggested several measures to improve the standard of policing; however, seldom have they been implemented by successive governments. In the present study, four objectives have been formulated.</p> Susanta Kumar Pathy ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-15 2019-06-15 2 1 18 30 10.31295/ijbem.v2n1.63 Sustainability practices as competitive edge on five star hotels of delhi: a study on manager’s perception <p style="text-align: justify;">The study aims to conduct an analysis describing the sustainable strategy available for hotels, evaluating its potential to create competitive advantage and exploring how its implementation influences other actors in the industry specifically and the whole area development generally. For the purpose of this study, Delhi has been chosen with a focus on the Five Star and Five-star Deluxe Hotels of the city. A survey was conducted with the employees working in 15 Five stars and Five-star Deluxe Hotels in Delhi. According to the analysis, the sustainable efforts of the hotel include environmental, social and economic initiatives. The results of the survey highlighted the sustainability practices that are being adopted and the extent of their implementation by these hotels. It also showed the relationship between a hotel’s sustainability practices and employees’ satisfaction. Furthermore, the study has explored the ability of sustainable efforts to create a unique reputation for the hotel which may enable it to gain a competitive edge. The latter, in turn, attracts the business customers who consider the sustainable hotel as a valuable partner for their own reputation. All in all, as sustainability practices enhance profitability, it is considered a source of completive advantage.</p> Shweta Mathur ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-15 2019-06-15 2 1 31 37 10.31295/ijbem.v2n1.64 Prospects and problems of tourism in india <p style="text-align: justify;">The tourism ministry has proposed to create a ‘Land Bank’ by acquiring land for building hotels in public-private partnership on a built, operate and transfer basis. The Railways has also decided to utilize its land inventory for hotels. The Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation is planning to set up 100 budget hotels across the country. With a view to encouraging high-end tourism in the country, the government has identified five parts for developing as cruise tourism hubs. The ports identified are Mumbai, Mormugao, New Mangalore and Kochi on the west coastline, and Tuticorin on the east coastline. The tourism ministry would also extend assistance for procurement of cruise vessels or boats for promotion of this new tourism initiative. The government is contemplating creating a tourism infrastructure fund with a corpus of $1-3 billion. It is expected to be financed by way of loans from multilateral institutions such as the Asian Development Bank (ADB). Infrastructure Leasing &amp; Financial Services (IL &amp; FS) is advising the government on the concept plan. The entry of low-cost airlines has provided a fillip to the tourism industry. However, India’s tourism industry must concentrate on encouraging Indian citizens to holiday within the country too.</p> P. Venkateswarlu ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-06-15 2019-06-15 2 1 38 41 10.31295/ijbem.v2n1.65