International journal of business, economics & management https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJBEM </strong>is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. The issued frequency is annual or one issue per year publication.<br>ISSN 2632-9476</p> SLOAP en-US International journal of business, economics & management 2632-9476 <p>Articles published in the International Journal of Business, Economics &amp; Management (<strong>IJBEM</strong>) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (<a href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CC BY-NC-ND 4.0</a>). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant <strong>IJBEM&nbsp;</strong>right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.</p> <p>Articles published in <strong>IJBEM&nbsp;</strong>can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (<em>e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book</em>), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</p> Implementation strategies for homework sent https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/105 <p style="text-align: justify;">Evaluation strategies are not properly implemented at different levels of education. The objective of this research was to determine the strategies used by teachers in the Fiscal Educational Unit Ena Ali Guillém Vélez, to evaluate the tasks sent home. Sand applied the exploratory and bi-bliographic method, the search for information was done in databases in the region; for the collection of data surveys that gave such as the results students take home different types of homework that prevents them from completing other activities, it is checked teachers evaluate in a way that teachers traditionalist. The study of motion that time is insufficient for the teacher to consciously qualify each of the tasks received and erroneously consider that parents have the responsibility to complement the contents of the pensum of studies that do not cover in classes, a situation that goes against the responsibilities of a competent teacher.</p> Gema Melissa Caicedo Molina Johana Margarita Catagua Vasquez Cruz Esneda Sanchez Reyes Cedeño Barreto María Elisa ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 3 1 1 9 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.105 Electronic attendance and allowance performance effect towards discipline and work motivation in ministry of religion regional office https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/104 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to find out empirically the effect of Electronic Attendance and Performance Allowance on Discipline and Motivation of Civil Servant (ASN) Work in the Regional Office of the Ministry of Religion of West Sumatra Province (Case Study of the Administrative Office Regional Office of the Ministry of Religion of West Sumatra Province). While the dependent variable is discipline and work motivation. The research sample was ASN in the Administration Section of the Regional Office of the Ministry of Religion, West Sumatra. Samples were taken with total sampling. Data collection was done by distributing questionnaires to 68 ASN people in the Administration Section of the Regional Office of the Ministry of Religion, West Sumatra Province. The research method uses multiple linear regression analysis, by testing the statistical test hypothesis t. The results of this study indicate a significant effect of the application of electronic attendance both to discipline and work motivation, as well as performance allowances have a significant influence on the discipline and motivation of ASN work, but the effect of electronic attendance is greater than the effect of performance benefits.</p> Aisyah Aisyah Yasri Yasri ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-09-25 2019-09-25 3 1 10 21 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.104 Effect of entrepreneurial roles on performance of smes: the nigeria human resource perspective https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/106 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study was designed to look at Effect of Entrepreneurial Roles on Performance of SMEs.The Nigeria Perspective. Two research questions were raised to guide the study while two null hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. A sample of 27 out of 127 firms was picked in Delta State which was used for the study. Data was collected for the study through the administration of validated questionnaire on the respondents. T-test and mean deviation was used. The mean statistics was used to answer the research questions. The findings of the study revealed that organisations are not doing badly. Empowerment and Autonomy of should be encouraged for staff and organisations. Also proactiveness in the market that will make the organizations market players. The implications of the findings have been discussed and conclusion drawn. Relevant recommendations were made towards the improvement female participation and adequate entrepreneurial orientation towards developing the human resource of the organization under the Nigerian perspective.</p> Florence Igweh Agbor Stephen ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-09-27 2019-09-27 3 1 22 29 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.106 Hospital strategy in Gianyar regency facing the era of national health insurance https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/110 <p style="text-align: justify;">Premagana Gianyar Hospital as a private hospital has participated in the JKN program since the end of 2015. In its participation, Premagana Gianyar Hospital has experienced several problems due to the existing JKN system. Problems experienced are due to the fact that the number of costs incurred by the hospital is greater than the costs that come out, outpatient patients still need to be supported which certainly makes the costs incurred higher than the cost of the claim, and the latest on the BPJS Health online referral system is very detrimental, because, since the enactment of the online referral system, outpatient visits to the Premagana Gianyar Hospital polyclinic began to decline. A mature strategy is needed to face the era of BPJS Health in the future amid various issues and changes that occur. This study aims to determine the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of Premagana Gianyar Hospital is facing the era of national health insurance and to find out the Business Strategy of Premagana Gianyar Hospital in Gianyar Regency in the face of the era of National Health Insurance.</p> I Nyoman Putra Nurartha A.A.N. Oka Suryadinatha Gorda Ni Putu Yunita Anggreswari ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-10-14 2019-10-14 3 1 30 40 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.110 Blackbox movies: the transformation of private cinema into multi-channel advertising media https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/112 <p style="text-align: justify;">Several previous researches have contributed to give an outlook for the up and down process of Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) through company’s lifecycle. Some of intern and extern factors also became analyzed indicators in order to give an overview about the strategy for surviving in the world of entrepreneurship. Furthermore, and specifically, some literatures tend to be less in discussing about the SMEs which can withstand after overcoming the climax point to decline stage in its lifecycle. This research aimed at contributing academically in giving overview of a SME scale company namely Blackbox Movies, it engaged in creative industry through product of room service provider for movie. The main focus was the strategy for transforming the core business as an effort to overcome the current revolution, which was caused mainly by the threat of digital era openness.</p> I Made Sindhu Yoga I Gede Yudhi Hendrawan ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-11-07 2019-11-07 3 1 41 47 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.112 Hedonic shopping motivation, shopping lifestyle, price reduction toward impulse buying behavior in shopping center https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/114 <p style="text-align: justify;">The study aimed to determine the effect of hedonic shopping motivation, shopping lifestyle, price reduction on impulse buying behavior in Mall Bali Galeria Shopping Center Denpasar. The study population was visitors to Mall Bali Galeria. There were 90 sample respondents. Sampling using accidental sampling technique. The technique used for data collection using a questionnaire with a Likert scale measurement tool. The type of data used in the current study was qualitative and quantitative data. The data analysis method used was a validity test, reliability test, classic assumption test, and multiple linear regression analysis tests using the SPSS version 22.0 application. The study results stated that the variable hedonic shopping motivation, shopping lifestyle, price reduction has a positive and significant effect partially and simultaneously on impulse buying behavior in Mall Bali Galeria Shopping Center Denpasar.</p> Desak Made Febri Purnama Sari Ida Ayu Iswari Pidada ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2019-12-10 2019-12-10 3 1 48 54 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.114 Understanding the resistance against online transportation in a tourism destination https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/125 <p style="text-align: justify;">This paper offers an insight into the causes of resistance against online transportation in a tourist destination in Bali. Guided by the Theory of Planned Behaviour, this research collected data through interviews with the local transportation drivers and the chief of the local village. This paper indicates that the resistance against online transportation is mainly due to the perception that online transportation sets the below-the local standard price. This creates uneven business competition, inflict price war and destroy the transportation industry in the long-run. Mediation by the government is urgently needed to reach a win-win solution for the local and online transportation business.</p> Pilar Harmoni Saidi Luh Putu Mahyuni ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-03-05 2020-03-05 3 1 55 60 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.125 Ecuador as an exporter of electricity https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/129 <p style="text-align: justify;">In this article, an analysis is made on the sale of the electrical energy made by Ecuador to other countries, also mentioning the beginnings of the electricity market in the country. The hydroelectric projects built in the last decade are described, which are the ones that will guarantee the export of the energy resource. There is talk of the amount of energy that is exported in MWh, to the countries of Colombia and Peru, as well as the limitations that have arisen in the infrastructure when sending the energy. There is also talk of the benefit that the sale of electrical energy brings to Ecuador and the profit that this implies. The objective of this article is to make known how the sale of electrical energy from Ecuador to other countries is carried out, and how much it enters the country as a profit for it, in addition to analyzing the current situation as energy exporters and looking for possible solutions in case of find difficulties or deficiencies.</p> Rafael Santiago Rodriguez Vallejo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-03-19 2020-03-19 3 1 61 66 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.129 Hospital E-prescribing implementation in reducing medication error https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/128 <p style="text-align: justify;">The purpose of this study was to describe and analyze hospital e-prescribing implementation in reducing medication errors. The hospital information system was an information system that was used for hospitals wherein this information system allows data flow from a hospital can be done electronically. The service to patients can be done more quickly, accurately, and transparently which in the end could provide satisfaction to patients. Medication errors often occurred in hospitals. One of the causes was prescription errors or prescribing errors. The wrong medical decision had an impact on the safety and quality of the patient’s health. Therefore, the efforts were needed to prevent and reduce errors by e-prescribing. This study used a qualitative approach in which the research conducted was descriptive. That was how the implementation of e-prescribing in RSUP Sanglah Denpasar in reducing medication error. The research results obtained from interviews, observations, and documentation were the implementation of e-prescribing in Sanglah Hospital going well by involving interviews with management, IT, pharmacists, doctors, and nurses. However, the obstacle faced was the internet network was sometimes not strong and the number of devices a computer was lacking. It can interfere with the process of drug service.</p> I Putu Artawan Ida Ayu Oka Martini ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-03-19 2020-03-19 3 1 67 76 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.128 IndiHome product marketing strategy PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia, Tbk Witel Denpasar Bali https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/133 <p style="text-align: justify;">PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia, Tbk is a State-Owned Enterprise (SOE) company engaged in Indonesian telecommunications with IndiHome products, which was first launched in 2015, which is a combination of types of telecommunications products, services, information, media, and edutainment consisting of services telephone (voice), data (high-speed internet with fiber-optic), and a picture or IPTV (UseeTV) in one access network or known as triple-play services. PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia, Tbk Witel Denpasar Bali is a Telecommunication Region (Witel) Regional Division 5-Surabaya Telkom Indonesia in marketing IndiHome products in 2018 reaching 28,037 thousand users. However, this number of users is still not following the target in 2018. The purpose of this study is to analyze the marketing strategy of STP (Segmenting, Targeting, Positioning) of IndiHome products in 2019, knowing the Marketing Mix applied by PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia, Tbk Witel Denpasar Bali in marketing IndiHome products, and knowing the marketing strategies adopted by PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia, Tbk Witel Denpasar Bali based on factors of strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and threats in achieving the effective increase of IndiHome users in the City of Denpasar and South Bali areas. In this study, the method used is a qualitative research method.</p> I Made Krisna Mahendra I Gede Sanica ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-04-08 2020-04-08 3 1 77 92 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.133 Revealing the digital leadership spurs in 4.0 industrial revolution https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/135 <p style="text-align: justify;">This research aims to know better about a leader’s understanding of interpreting digital leadership as well as understanding digital leadership spurs in the 4.0 industrial revolution era. This research uses qualitative research with a phenomenological approach. The focus of this research is on the informant’s understanding, not on specific institutions, companies, or government agencies. Data collection techniques used in this research are in-depth interviews and documentation. In this research, the author used data validity techniques with triangulation techniques. The era of leadership nowadays is no longer about building something partially but by collaboration. In a traditional village, a leader who has a digital leadership spirit in the customary community must be more open to seeing the changes in paradigm, while maintaining the foundation axis that has been formed or is used as a reference in the village. A leader who is not very fluent or fully understands the digital field, but able to create work related to technology, who manages to move highly competent people in the digital field to realize their goals, it can be considered that the leader has a digital leadership spirit. In digital leadership, openness and collaboration are needed, as well as the ability to go in line with the rules, not just merely from digital capabilities one has.</p> Anak Agung Sagung Mas Anastassia Nawang Asri Gede Sri Darma ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-04-29 2020-04-29 3 1 93 100 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.135 Cultural management perspective of research gender mainstream success https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/136 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to see the success of the implementation of gender mainstreaming in the perspective of cultural management, especially in developing a career at DJKN Regional Office in Bali and Nusa Tenggara. The methodology used in this study is descriptive qualitative using a purposive sampling technique where the informants were female or male employees aged between 25-50 years with a minimum education bachelor degree and willing to be informants. Data collected will be analyzed by reducing data, presenting data, and drawing conclusions. The validity of the data will be tested by triangulating the data so it is expected that the data presented is valid. The result of this study indicates that in the Regional Office of DJKN Bali and Nusa Tenggara, there is no difference in access to information and opportunities for career development, but the pattern of employee rotations and culture is still an obstacle for female employees to have an interest in being promoted. Besides, in socializing gender mainstreaming itself is still hampered in terms of cost. This is because postal costs related to PUG do not yet exist in each regional office. After all, the Gender analysis pathway has not been implemented well.</p> Lisdiyanti Lisdiyanti Gede Sri Darma ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-05-02 2020-05-02 3 1 101 107 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.136 Effect of macroeconomic factors and fundamental factors of the stock systems risk in manufacturing companies in Indonesia stock exchange https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/137 <p style="text-align: justify;">The capital market trades a variety of securities, where the capital market has an important role in supporting the economy because the capital market can connect those who need funds with those who have funds. Stock is one of the securities that have a high risk. High risk in stocks is reflected in uncertain returns. If the investor wants a higher return, then he must also be prepared to bear a higher risk as well. For this reason, investors in investing in the capital market are very important to understand the factors that affect the systematic risk of shares both macroeconomic factors and corporate fundamentals. The purpose of this study is to determine the direct and indirect effects of macroeconomic variables and corporate fundamental factors on the systematic risk of shares in manufacturing companies on the Indonesia Stock Exchange. The population of this research is all companies in the manufacturing sector that are listed consistently on the Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2014 to 2018, and this study uses the stratified proportional random sampling method in determining the sample. Based on this method, the number of samples in this study was 20 manufacturing companies every year for 5 years.</p> Anak Agung Sri Purnami Ni Putu Rediatni Giri LGP Sri Eka Jayanti I Made Suniastha Amertha ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-05-09 2020-05-09 3 1 108 116 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.137 Income smoothing and cost of capital https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/156 <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to obtain empirical evidence about the effects of income smoothing on the cost of capital. Four additional control variables are used, namely information risk, company size, institutional ownership, and leverage. The population in this study are all manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange from 2014 to 2018, based on purposive sampling technique, the samples used in this study were 213 companies. Test results show that (1) income smoothing has a negative effect on the cost of capital, (2) Information risk, company size, and institutional ownership have no influence on the relationship between income smoothing and the cost of capital, (3) leverage affects the relationship between income smoothing and the cost of capital.</p> Si Ayu Intan Kezia Dewi Dewa Gede Wirama I Made Sukartha I Gusti Ngurah Agung Suaryana ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-07-31 2020-07-31 3 1 117 122 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.156 Intellectual capital and profitability in manufacturing companies listed in Indonesia stock exchange https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/159 <p style="text-align: justify;">The purpose of this research is to determine the effect of value-added capital employed (VACA), value-added human capital (VAHU), and structural capital value-added (STVA) on return on assets (ROA) in manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in 2014-2019. The population in this study are manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period 2014-2019. The population in this study was 161 manufacturing companies based on the basic industrial and chemical sectors, the consumer goods industry, and various industries. The sampling technique is done through the method of purposive sampling, the number of samples of 25 manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period 2014-2019. The results of the analysis show that value-added capital employed (VACA) has a positive and significant effect on the financial performance of manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period 2014-2019. Value-added human capital (VAHU) has a positive and significant effect on the financial performance of manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period 2014-2019. Structural capital value-added (STVA) has a positive and significant effect on the financial performance of manufacturing companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange in the period 2014-2019. For company management to achieve the desired financial performance, it should focus more on managing intellectual capital. For investors and potential investors to pay more attention to the company's intellectual capital as a consideration in investing.</p> Fikri Kusnandar Mohamad Adam Marlina Widiyanti Isnurhadi Isnurhadi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-06 2020-08-06 3 1 123 133 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.159 Price perception and product quality on gas purchasing decisions in PT. Pertamina EP asset 2 https://sloap.org/journal/index.php/ijbem/article/view/161 <p style="text-align: justify;">This research was conducted aimed to determine the effect of price perception and product quality on purchasing decisions at PT. Pertamina EP Asset 2. The population in this study are all companies that are consumers who purchase gas at PT. Pertamina EP Asset 2 in 2019 as many as 17 companies. The sample used in this study were 102 respondents using a purposive sampling technique. The data collection method uses a questionnaire. The results of the multiple linear regression analysis showed that price perception had a positive and significant effect on gas purchasing decisions at PT. Pertamina EP Asset 2. Product quality has a positive and significant effect on gas purchasing decisions at PT. Pertamina EP Asset 2. By looking at competitors, it is better to immediately improve gas quality. So it has more appeal for consumers so far and prospective customers to continue to make gas purchases from PT. Pertamina EP Asset 2. With good cooperation between PT. Pertamina EP Asset 2 with consumers who are companies that have done so far, it is necessary to increase the quality of the gas produced to give a sense of wanting to make gas purchases.</p> Sofyan Iskandar Zakaria Wahab Marlina Widiyanti Mohamad Adam ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2020-08-10 2020-08-10 3 1 134 139 10.31295/ijbem.v3n1.161