International journal of humanities, literature & arts 2020-12-31T00:00:00+00:00 Editorial Office Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJHLA </strong>is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. The issued frequency is annual or one issue per year publication.<br>ISSN 2632-9441</p> Characteristics and functioning of brain on learning process 2019-11-21T15:55:54+00:00 María José Briceño Ruperti William Ecuador Martínez Albán Dubal Edison Salvatierra Tumbaco María Elena Moya Martínez <p style="text-align: justify;">Research refers to the topic “brain and learning in education” with the purpose of determining the characteristics and functioning of the brain in the learning process of the students of the Millennium Education Unit “Replica Manta” of the city of Manta. Through this work, a conceptual analysis of the influence that neurosciences have as a contribution in education, stimulation as an influential factor to activate memory, multiple intelligences as abilities to solve life problems and motivation as interest are presented that students have for their own learning.</p> 2019-09-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The multiple postcolonial identify in salman rushdie’s shame 2020-02-01T11:46:45+00:00 P. Murugesan S. Neelakandan G. Sankar <p style="text-align: justify;">Post-colonialism focuses on cultural and national identity in literature produced by the people of current or former colonies in places like the Middle East, South Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean. Many postcolonial authors delve into the issue of gender when expressing their ideas about post-colonialism. How an individual that lives in does, comes from, or has a history with a certain country or region which has been colonized, shape his or her identity? In the work of many Middle Eastern and South Asian authors, gender is one of the best tools to use when exploring identity. In Salman Rushdie’s novel Shame, masculinity and femininity are important factors in how certain characters function. This growing desire to define identity as it relates to the characters in Shame is not only confined to the individuals in the story, but it is also an issue relevant to the nation of Pakistan as well. Most of the characters in the story are symbolic references to actual political figures in Pakistan. In addition, they also represent different periods in the country’s history, both political and social. Rushdie subverts the question commonly posed to migrant intellectuals about their “exilic” identity issues.</p> 2020-02-01T11:46:44+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Balinese cosmology: Study on pangider bhuwana colors in Gianyar’s contemporary art 2020-03-15T16:10:05+00:00 I Wayan Karja I Ketut Ardhana I Wayan Subrata <p style="text-align: justify;">Adat (custom) and religion cannot be separated in the context of Balinese culture. One of the aspects of Balinese culture is the concept of <em>mandala</em>, called <em>pangider bhuwana.</em> Based on Balinese culture and religion, the Balinese <em>mandala</em>, is formally known as <em>pangider bhuwana.</em> &nbsp;The main focus of this essay is to explore the way the artist expresses and visualizes, using the colors of the mandala. A comprehensive analysis was conducted on the methods that the colors of the Balinese mandala are visualized in Gianyar's contemporary painting.</p> 2020-03-16T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Adam and Eve Iconography 2020-05-07T11:27:01+00:00 James W. Ellis <p style="text-align: justify;">Art historians use the discipline of iconography to identify and describe symbols and themes in the subjects of visual arts. The iconographic inquiry is particularly useful for explaining the religious significance of Christian art. One of the first stories the Christian Bible conveys concerns, Adam and Eve. According to the biblical book of Genesis, Adam and Eve were the first man and woman that God created. Adam and Eve disobeyed God’s directive not to eat the forbidden fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. Christians believe Adam and Eve’s disobedience brought sin and death into the world. This essay explores a select cross-section of portrayals of Adam and Eve during various eras of European art history. The goal is to use iconographic analysis to place the Adam and Eve theme within distinct contexts and by so doing better understand its complex functions.</p> 2020-05-07T11:11:54+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##