International journal of humanities, literature & arts <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJHLA </strong>is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. The frequency of publication is two issues per year, i.e. January &amp; July.<br>ISSN 2632-9441</p> en-US <p style="text-align: left;">All articles in the SLOAP Journals are published under the terms of the &nbsp;Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License&nbsp;(CC BY-SA) which allows authors and users to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the article.&nbsp;The &nbsp;Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License&nbsp;of an open-access article, as long as the author is properly attributed.&nbsp;Copyright on any research article published by SLOAP is retained by the author(s).&nbsp;Authors grant to the SLOAP right to publish the article, to be cited as its original publisher in case of reuse, and to distribute it in all forms and media.&nbsp;Copyright and source must be acknowledged and a link must be made to the article's DOI.&nbsp;</p> (Dr. Stanley E. Eguruze) (Vedran Vucic) Fri, 05 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 English terms of address in the bible and their equivalents in Balinese: a translation study <p style="text-align: justify;">Bible translation always poses problems, both linguistic and non-linguistic. The work in this study deals with: the problem of translating terms of address in the Bible of English (SL) into Balinese (TL). As there are several versions of the Bible, the one selected for this study is Today’s English Versions which is translated in Balinese by LAI. Differences in the system of terms of address in English and Balinese become problematic in selecting the appropriate pronoun or noun for terms of address; and this is made complicated by the fact that Balinese has two varieties of language use, i.e. common and high.</p> Ni Nyoman Tri Sukarsih ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 05 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Using performance assessment to empower students’ learning ownership and promote achievement in EFL writing courses <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims at investigating (1) To what extent performance assessment successfully fosters students’ learning ownership and writing achievement and (2) Teachers’ readiness related to the implementation of performance assessment in writing courses. This study was conducted using a mixed methods approach. Quantitative analysis of MANOVA was used to know the effect of performance assessment on students’ learning ownership and writing achievement; while qualitative analysis was conducted for data of teacher readiness gathered using questionnaires and interviews. The subjects of the study were 32 EFL teachers and 82 students of Junior High Schools in Bali. Results of the analysis show that performance assessment significantly affects students’ learning ownerships and writing competency; while teachers’ readiness in implementing performance assessment largely depends on the availability of assessment instruments which are different from the traditional multiple choice type test.</p> A.A.I.N. Marhaeni, I.P.I. Kusuma, N.L.P.E.S. Dewi, A.A.G.Y. Paramartha ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 05 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Householder savings & investment behavior in theni district <p style="text-align: justify;">Investment of hard earned money is a crucial activity of every human being. Investment is one of the foremost concerns of every individual investor as their small savings of today is to meet the expenses of tomorrow. This study deals with investors' preference of Shares, Debentures, Mutual fund, Bank deposits, and Life insurance, etc. Savings of the people are invested in assets depending on their risk and return demands, the safety of money, liquidity, the available avenues for investment, various financial institutions, etc. In a developing country like India, householder savings and investment is the major source of capital for economic activities. Hence, a study of investment behavior of households has to understand the level of knowledge of householders about investment. If the saving is low, then the investment will also be low leading to low capital formation. The present paper explains different reasons for savings, awareness level and the association between demographic factors and awareness level among householders of Theni district.</p> S. Chitra, B. Aruna ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 05 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Customer satisfaction on footwear's in theni district <p style="text-align: justify;">The fashion industry has seen a spurt of growth in the past few years, more so in India. An important part of this fashion boom is the footwear industry. An industry as varied as any other, the footwear industry in India is one of the most competitive and vibrant. This paper seeks to analyses the footwear industry in India, and the buying process that goes into a purchase. With customers becoming increasingly fashion conscious and spendthrift, and the industry becoming more global in its appeal, the consumers‟ purchase pattern has also seen a shift in terms of various parameters. However, in a diverse Indian market, the entire consumer base can be segmented to use the Bottom of the Pyramid approach. This paper seeks to analyze spending patterns and consumer behavior across the pyramid in the Indian market.</p> G. Pooranam, K. Nandhini ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 05 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Student perception towards social networking site in theni district <p style="text-align: justify;">Social Networking Sites are getting more popular and it has become a vital part of our social life. New digital media have dramatically altered the communication landscape, especially for youth. Internet is a very powerful platform that has changed the way people do things. Social Networking Site is a wonderful innovation in the Internet age whereby people are interconnected in the global network society. Social media has a great effect on people’s lives and millions of students are spending many hours on social networking sites. As social media sites continue to grow in popularity, it is our premise that technology is a vital part of today’s student success equation. This study aims to investigate student’s perception towards Social Networking Sits in Theni District.</p> S. Chitra, B. Aruna ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 05 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Building religious behavior for grhasta ashrama based on tri hita karana <p style="text-align: justify;">The local wisdom of Tri Hita Karana originating from the teachings of Hinduism is a pattern of development in Sukawati Village. Tri Hita Karana teaches concern for nature, people and Balinese culture. This is intended to perfect vertical relations with the Creator, in order to strengthen faith in God, and horizontally establish good social relations, give each other and help each other. Forming solidarity and togetherness and strengthening brotherhood and unity, the village government along with community leaders, Sukawati Village continues to develop religious behavior ashrama grhasta. This is because there are very rapid changes in the times, therefore as an ashrama grhasta or parents have the role of being the first and foremost educators to build tri hita karana based religious behavior. In the parhyangan aspect an understanding of the teachings of pramana, adhikara, and guarding the sanctity of the temple was built. While in the pawongan aspect raising awareness as members of the banjar carry out social obligations (grief).</p> I Gusti Ayu Suasthi, I Ketut Suda, Ni Putu Suwardani ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 05 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000