Influence of exposure to children’s movies on television on theory-of- mind acquisition in preschoolers


  • Devi Rusli Faculty of Science Education, Psychology Department, Universitas Negeri Padang, 25131, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia
  • Dian Novita Ariani Faculty of Psychology, University of Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
  • Nurmina Nurmina Faculty of Science Education, Psychology Department, Universitas Negeri Padang, Padang, 25131, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia
  • Rinaldi Rinaldi Faculty of Science Education, Psychology Department, Universitas Negeri Padang, Padang, 25131, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia


children, movies, preschoolers, television, theory-of-mind


Recently cases of harness which are conducted by children indicated that decrease capability of children understanding against other's mental states Children’s ability to grasp other’s mental states (theory of mind) is important in the context of socialization. Previous research has not investigated the duration in measuring the exposure of narrative media (children's movies on television), which is one of the impacts on the acquisition of ToM. The movie on television represents the relations between children and their mental state. This study aims to investigate the influence of exposure to children’s movies on television towards children's ToM acquisition among preschoolers. ToM was assessed using a ToM scale by Wellman and Liu, and exposure to children’s movies on television was measured with a questionnaire. The study has been conducted on 85 preschoolers ages 3–5 years old/36-71 months ((M = 4.88 SD = 0,683), with the involvement of their parents to fill the questionnaires. The result of this study shows that exposure to children's movies on television does not significantly influence children’s ToM. The strong relations between the two are considered false belief (FB) since the result of the study shows that.


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How to Cite

Rusli, D., Ariani, D. N., Nurmina, N., & Rinaldi, R. (2021). Influence of exposure to children’s movies on television on theory-of- mind acquisition in preschoolers. International Journal of Health & Medical Sciences, 4(1), 44-49.



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