International journal of health & medical sciences <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJHMS </strong>is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. The issued frequency is annual or one issue per year publication.<br>ISSN 2632-9433</p> SLOAP en-US International journal of health & medical sciences 2632-9433 <p>Articles published in the International Journal of Health &amp; Medical Sciences (<strong>IJHMS</strong>) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CC BY-NC-ND 4.0</a>). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant <strong>IJHMS&nbsp;</strong>right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.</p> <p>Articles published in <strong>IJHMS&nbsp;</strong>can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (<em>e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book</em>), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</p> The procedure used on diagnostic evaluation process <p style="text-align: justify;">This article allowed identifying procedures used for diagnostic evaluation in the “Mercedes” Private Education Unit of the city of Calceta, Ecuador, as well as verifying whether these are adequate, relevant and carried out according to the reality of the educational institution by teachers and if you intend to analyze the student in an integral way, not only academic. To support this research, the exploratory method of documentary analysis was used for which bibliographic sources were reviewed. The instrument designed for data collection was the survey where results were obtained that concluded that teachers have limitations regarding the conception of diagnostic evaluation because they consider that the contents are not spaces for continuous learning, it does not meet the different styles of learning to determine what need for academic improvement can be applied to each student although the results of a diagnostic evaluation are taken into account for decision-making focused on improving procedures inside and outside the classroom.</p> Miguel Angel Solis Cevallos Carlos Alexander Zambrano Rosado Olga Viviana Torres Terán ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-10 2019-09-10 3 1 1 10 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.98 Anthocyanin as neuroprotector for methamphetamine-induced neurotoxicity <p style="text-align: justify;">Methamphetamines are chemicals that might affect brain function and causes the development of addiction and other brain pathologies. It increased dopamine stimulation and would increase the formation of free radicals leading to dopaminergic neurotoxicity. Various therapeutic targets have been developed to prevent or minimize the negative effects of methamphetamine use. Increased level of oxidative stress has been considered as a potential trigger for neurotoxicity hence the expected ability for the administration of antioxidants to prevent damages caused by free radicals. The administration of antioxidants is expected to provide protective effects and prevent further damages created by methamphetamine exposure. Anthocyanin is a type of flavonoid is a potentially effective neuroprotector candidate for preventing neuronal cell death reduction, and this compound works with various mechanisms.</p> Putu Asih Primatanti I Made Jawi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-09-17 2019-09-17 3 1 11 16 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.101 Brain and emotions on learning process <p style="text-align: justify;">The objective of this research was to describe how the brain is fundamental in the teaching-learning process. This analysis has performed considering the importance of neuroscience and its influence on education, another important issue is emotions as stimuli for meaningful learning.</p> William Ecuador Martínez Albán María José Briceño Ruperti Dubal Edison Salvatierra Tumbaco María Elena Moya Martínez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-08 2019-10-08 3 1 17 20 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.108 Neuroscience role in education <p style="text-align: justify;">Education is the path that facilitates the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and abilities, the research aimed to study the brain and learning a fundamental role in education, it addresses motivation, memory, and intelligence for learning classroom. The work offers a conceptual analysis of the brain, considered as the machine for capturing the individual and learning as a process that is acquired during life. The methodology applied in this study was based on the fieldwork carried out in an educational unit, of the city of Manta. In the 2019-2020 school period, where the qualities of the students and teachers were observed, as subjects and primary objects for the study index. The methods applied were qualitative, by the detailed description of the phenomenon of study on behavior, thinking and attitudes; in addition, the inductive-deductive methods have applied, by the study of the general to the particular and particular to the general. Finally, the conclusions have presented on the basis that, neurosciences cover an attractive field that allows knowing the human being internally and externally, how to motivate the individual to achieve success. In the educational field, it was possible to know appropriate strategies and techniques for learning in the classroom, it is necessary that human beings take care of the brain, nourishing it with food energy and knowledge through reading and research.</p> María Mercedes Lopez Lopez Juan Carlos Espinal Herrera Yiria Giovinezza Macias Figueroa Paola Katherine Moreira Sanchez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-10-08 2019-10-08 3 1 21 28 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.109 Training with cognitive behavioral techniques for the control of precompetitive anxiety <p style="text-align: justify;">Various research in Sports Psychology has shown that a high level of pre-competitive anxiety negatively influences the performance of athletes. The proposed intervention program, expressing the combined use of Jacobson's Progressive Relaxation and Cognitive Restructuring, is implemented in the male volleyball and school volleyball school teams of the Orestes Acosta Sports Initiation School, in time from February to May 2016, with the participation of the Sports Medicine Center of Santiago de Cuba. Different psychological procedures are used before the development of the program and once it is finished: the Spielberger Anxiety Test, Daily Thought Record, Psychological Inventory of Sports Execution, and Attitude for Competition, Observation and Interview, as well as an evaluation provided by the coaches about the sports performance of the teams. For the statistical processing of the data, the SPSS 12 software package is used. With the execution of this program, it is intended to provide athletes with psychological skills from the behavioral cognitive, which allow them to control the high level of state anxiety against training and skills and in turn optimize your sports performance; It is also considered appropriate to encourage professionals in this area to systematically use Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques.</p> Milan Ochoa Chang Aliuska Oliva Peralta Osvaldo Jiménez Pérez de Corcho ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-04 2020-02-04 3 1 29 34 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.121 Relationship between obesity with risk of obstruction in lateral inguinal hernia <p style="text-align: justify;">Obesity is a state of excess weight due to the accumulation of fat in adipose tissue so that it can increase intra-abdominal pressure. Increased intra-abdominal pressure can increase the risk of obstruction in the lateral inguinal hernia. This study aims to determine the relationship between obesity and the risk of obstruction in patients with lateral inguinal hernia. This study uses an analytical research design with a cross-sectional approach by involving 152 respondents with a lateral inguinal hernia at Ari Canti General Hospital January 2018 – August 2019. The technique of this research is a consecutive sampling and data was obtained from the patient’s medical records. The samples then analyzed with Chi-Square and stratification confounding factors with Mantel-Haenzel. From 152 respondents, 71 (46.7%) are obese and 81 (53.3%) are non-obese, 59 (38.8%) are with obstruction, 93 (61.2%) are without obstruction. There are relationship between obesity and the risk of obstruction in lateral inguinal hernia (p = 0.032, OR = 2.058, CI = 1.061-3.993). The analysis of Mantel-Haenzel shows that a history of heavy lifting (p = 0.125) and a history of alcohol (p = 0.077) as confounding. The Breslow-Day homogeneity analysis shows that the history of prostate enlargement (p = 0.003) as a confounding variable. Obesity has a relationship with the risk of obstruction in patients with lateral inguinal hernia, with a confounding variable history of weight lifting, alcohol history, and a history of prostate enlargement.</p> I Made Kasmadi Gunawan Putu Ayu Indah Saraswati Pande Made Gunawan Adi Putra ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-02-26 2020-02-26 3 1 35 41 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.124 A serological study to diagnose the causes of recurrent viral and immune miscarriage in aborted women who attend the shatrah general hospital <p style="text-align: justify;">The current study agreed with the results of the study reached by the study in Tikrit, as well as with what indicated that the highest rate of infection was within the age groups (16-25) and (20-30) respectively, and the results of the current study differed with What the researcher reached in the city of Kirkuk, which showed the highest rate of infection, falls within the age group (30-39). These differences can be related to physiological factors such as hormones and their proportions in women of lower ages compared to the higher age groups and their frequent exposure to pathogens on a continuous basis, and this causes a negative impact on the psychological state of the patient resulting in cases of repeated miscarriage of the cause. The results of the current study differed with the results of the researcher in Iran, where the highest incidence of infection was within the age group 36-45 and agreed with a study in Iraq where the highest incidence of infection was in the age group 21-25, a study in Russia and France showed the proportion of infection 78% and 46.8%, respectively.</p> Redha’a llah M. Al-A’ Dhami Baidaa M. Kadhim Haider S. Abdullhusein ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-04-03 2020-04-03 3 1 42 47 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.131 Analgesic activity test of ethyl acetate, n-hexane, water fractions of cemcem leaves extract (Spondias pinnata (Linn.f.) Kurz.) as part of Usadha Bali <p style="text-align: justify;">Pain is the most common reason why patients come to seek medical help. Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional feeling and is associated with tissue damage. Indonesia is one of the countries that still uses traditional medicine in addition to formal treatment. Spondias pinnata plant (Linn.f.) Kurz or Cemcem Plant is one that is used empirically as a pain reliever during menstrual pain by Balinese people. This study aims to prove the analgesic activity of the leaves of Cemcem (Spondias pinnata (Linn.f.) Kurz) that grow in Bali by making Cemcem leaves in 3 (three) fractions including ethyl acetate fraction, n-hexane fraction, and water fraction, so there is a comparison of analgesic activity of the three fractions. The three types of fractions were subjected to phytochemical screening to determine the class of secondary metabolite compounds present in Cemcem leaves extract. Analgesic activity test uses heat induction method with a temperature of 55<sup>o</sup>C in 20 mice divided into four groups, namely the negative control group was given tween 80, the positive control group was given mefenamic acid 100 mg / kg BW, the ethyl acetate fraction group, the fraction group n-Hexane, and water fraction of Cemcem leaves extract.</p> Puguh Santoso Putu Era Sandhi Kusuma Yuda Ni Luh Kade Arman Anita Dewi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-06-10 2020-06-10 3 1 48 53 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.134 Motivation: a way to enhance young people’s participation in sports-recreational activities <p style="text-align: justify;">The topic that is addressed is very topical since it is related to one of the lines of research reflected in the technological demand of the Micro Sports Combination 2 of the Northern People's Council of the District "José Martí". It emerges as a priority of the social system related to improving the quality of life of young people. It aims to select actions for the empowerment of motivation towards sports-recreational activities in the young people of the 15th constituency of the "La Risueña" Community. The diagnosis made allowed to specify the insufficient variety of sports-recreational activities that are carried out in the community. The work brings actions aimed at improving the quality of life of these young people by promoting the leading participation of them with a different dynamic to the traditional forms that are promoted in their environment. For the development of research, the theoretical and empirical methods were used which allowed us to analyze and synthesize the main ideas that underpin this research.</p> Arael Cruz Rabilero Hilda Rosa Rabilero Sabatés Norma Guerra Martínez José Ignacio Ruiz Sánchez ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-06-18 2020-06-18 3 1 54 59 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.147 Formulation and physical evaluation sheet mask from red rice (Oryza Nivara) and virgin coconut oil (Cocos Nucifera L) <p style="text-align: justify;">Sheet Mask has been widely used by East Asians, sheet masks are generally made of non-woven fabric, paper fibers, bio-cellulose, and so on. Red rice with a slightly purplish red color is very suitable for normal to dry skin. As in the analysis of red rice content, there are protein levels, fat content, water content, vitamin C in brown rice which is very good for moisturizing the facial skin. One of the natural ingredients studied is Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO). In this study, a physical evaluation test was carried out on red rice and VCO samples. The purpose of this research is to find out what formulation produces good physical properties. Red rice was extracted coldly using 96% ethanol solvent and VCO using the fermentation method. The results of the phytochemical test of red rice extract contained flavonoids, saponins, terpenoids, and quinones. Based on research results, brown rice extract and VCO have stronger antioxidant activity compared to VCO.</p> Anggun Hari Kusumawati Indah Retno Wulan Dadan Ridwanuloh ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-06-18 2020-06-18 3 1 60 64 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.148 Local wisdom traditional medicine for the health and beauty of postpartum mother in Denpasar City, Bali Province, Indonesia <p style="text-align: justify;">The phenomenon of global society today believes religion and culture play an important role in the fields of economic, social, and health development towards Mokshartam Jaghadita Ya CaIti Dharma. The health and beauty of postpartum mothers, as one of the main indicators to determine the health status of a nation. This is a phenomenon that has a great influence on the success of health development. This research is descriptive qualitative using observation techniques, in-depth interviews, practitioners, and the community, as well as collecting documents from supporting libraries related to the research. This research was dissected with the theory of Structuralism-Functionalism, Ayurvedic Health Theory, and Cold Heat Theory. The results showed that the reasons for the people of Denpasar using traditional medicine for the health and beauty of postpartum mother were (a) reasons for cultural religion (b) reasons for trusting traditional healers (c) reasons for supporting laws and regulations (d) reasons for infrastructure (e) creative economic reasons (f) health tourism reasons. The procedures for health and beauty postpartum mothers have staged by the procedures for therapy with a religious approach, supernatural therapy, prana, hypnotherapy, meditation, yoga, acupuncture, herbal therapy, and nutrition.</p> Anak Agung Putu Agung Mediastari ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-06-27 2020-06-27 3 1 65 71 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.149 The relationship between knowledge, attitude, and readiness of academic community in Covid-19 spread prevention: Batari Toja Nursing Academy, Watampone <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aims to determine the relationship between knowledge, attitude, and the readiness of the academic community in the prevention of COVID-19 spread in Batari Toja Nursing Academy, Watampone. The type of study was an analytical survey using a cross-sectional study design. The number of samples in this study was 30 respondents selected using a purposive sampling technique. Furthermore, data were collected using a questionnaire. Data were then processed by utilizing SPSS v.22 with univariate and bivariate analyses and the Chi-square statistical test, then, presented in the form of frequency distribution tables. This study showed that, from the result of the Chi-square test, the relationship between knowledge and readiness was indicated with a p-value of 0.003 &lt; (α = 0.05) while the relationship between attitude and readiness was indicated with a p-value of 0.019 &lt; (α = 0.05) meaning that there is a relationship between knowledge along with attitude and the readiness of the academic community related to prevention of COVID-19 spread in Batari Toja Nursing Academy, Watampone.&nbsp;</p> Kistan Kistan St. Malka Musni Musni ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-07-20 2020-07-20 3 1 72 78 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.155 The effectiveness of prenatal gentle yoga on the recovery of anxiety level and norepinephrine level in pregnant women aged <20 and >35 years old <p style="text-align: justify;">This study aimed to analyze the effectiveness of prenatal gentle yoga on the anxiety problem and the norepinephrine level in pregnant women aged &lt;20 and &gt;35 years old.&nbsp; The applied research design in this study was a true experiment with a posttest-only control design. Samples were selected using a purposive sample technique. Furthermore, the instrument used was the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) questionnaire. Data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon test to find out the results of the HARS and hypothesis testing. Moreover, data were also analyzed using the Mann-Whitney test to compare the mean values before and after being given treatment. The results of this study indicated that prenatal gentle yoga is effective to be used based on the results of the HARS (Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale). It was indicated by a significant p-value (0.001 &lt; a 0.05) and the results of the hypothesis test of the p-value (0.000 &lt; a 0.05). This proves that the provision of prenatal gentle yoga classes is effective in reducing the anxiety level and the norepinephrine level in pregnant women aged &lt;20 and &gt;35 years old.</p> Riski Amalia Saidah Syamsuddin Irfan Idris Erlyn Limoa Nugraha Pelupessy Azniah Syam ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-26 2020-08-26 3 1 79 85 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.165 Relationship between quality of service with patient loyality at general polyclinic of kamonji public health center <p style="text-align: justify;">Five main dimensions are relevant to explain the quality of service that is known as service quality (servqual). As one of the largest Public Health centers in Palu City, the Kamonji Public Health centers also have facilities issues such as inadequate waiting room conditions and health service issues such as a long waiting time for services. The study aimed to identify the relationship between service quality and patient loyalty in public clinics at the Kamonji Public Health Center. This type of study is quantitative with a cross-sectional approach. The Samples were 100 respondents using random sampling. Data collection was questionnaires and data analysis was the Chi-Square test. The Independent variable is service quality and the dependent variable is patient loyality. Research result. From the 100 respondents, it was found that there was a significant relationship (p&lt;0.05) between assurance, reliability, responsiveness, and empathy with patient loyalty at the general Polyclinic of Kamonji Public Health Center. But there is no relationship (p&gt;0.05) between tangibles (facilities and infrastructure) with patient loyalty at general polyclinic of the Kamonji Public Health Center in Palu City.</p> Parmin Parmin Ketut Suarayasa Bertin Ayu Wandira ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-08-28 2020-08-28 3 1 86 91 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.157 The effectiveness of prenatal gentle yoga on the recovery of depression level in primigravid and multigravid pregnant women <p style="text-align: justify;">This study was conducted at Bara Baraya Health Center, Antang Health Center, Kapasa Health Center, and Mamajang Health Center. The applied research design was a quasi-experiment with a non-equivalent control group design approach. Samples were selected using a purposive sample technique. The instrument used was the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) questionnaire. The number of samples in this study was 24 respondents divided into 2, namely 12 in the intervention group and 12 in the control group. The sample criteria were pregnant women aged &lt;21 and &gt;34 years old, having been in trimester II-III with the gestational age of ≥20 to &lt;31 weeks, and not having complications in pregnancy. The values of mean ranks for the intervention group were 6.50 in the pre-test to the mid-test and 6.50 in the mid-test to the post-test. Meanwhile, the values of mean ranks for the control group were 5.61 in the pre-test to the mid-test and 4.50 in the mid-test to the post-test. This indicated that the intervention group experienced a significantly reduced level of depression based on the BDI-II (Beck Depression Inventory-II) scores when compared to the control group.&nbsp;</p> Khaerunnisa El-Said Saidah Syamsuddin Irfan Idris Erlyn Limoa Nugraha Pelupessy Azniah Syam ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2020-09-03 2020-09-03 3 1 92 97 10.31295/ijhms.v3n1.169