International journal of health & medical sciences <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJHMS </strong>is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. The issued frequency is annual or one issue per year publication.<br>ISSN 2632-9433</p> en-US <p>Articles published in the International Journal of Health &amp; Medical Sciences (<strong>IJHMS</strong>) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CC BY-NC-ND 4.0</a>). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant <strong>IJHMS&nbsp;</strong>right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.</p> <p>Articles published in <strong>IJHMS&nbsp;</strong>can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (<em>e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book</em>), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</p> (Editorial Office) (Vedran Vucic) Sun, 05 Jan 2020 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 The procedure used on diagnostic evaluation process <p style="text-align: justify;">This article allowed identifying procedures used for diagnostic evaluation in the “Mercedes” Private Education Unit of the city of Calceta, Ecuador, as well as verifying whether these are adequate, relevant and carried out according to the reality of the educational institution by teachers and if you intend to analyze the student in an integral way, not only academic. To support this research, the exploratory method of documentary analysis was used for which bibliographic sources were reviewed. The instrument designed for data collection was the survey where results were obtained that concluded that teachers have limitations regarding the conception of diagnostic evaluation because they consider that the contents are not spaces for continuous learning, it does not meet the different styles of learning to determine what need for academic improvement can be applied to each student although the results of a diagnostic evaluation are taken into account for decision-making focused on improving procedures inside and outside the classroom.</p> Miguel Angel Solis Cevallos, Carlos Alexander Zambrano Rosado, Olga Viviana Torres Terán ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 10 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Anthocyanin as neuroprotector for methamphetamine-induced neurotoxicity <p style="text-align: justify;">Methamphetamines are chemicals that might affect brain function and causes the development of addiction and other brain pathologies. It increased dopamine stimulation and would increase the formation of free radicals leading to dopaminergic neurotoxicity. Various therapeutic targets have been developed to prevent or minimize the negative effects of methamphetamine use. Increased level of oxidative stress has been considered as a potential trigger for neurotoxicity hence the expected ability for the administration of antioxidants to prevent damages caused by free radicals. The administration of antioxidants is expected to provide protective effects and prevent further damages created by methamphetamine exposure. Anthocyanin is a type of flavonoid is a potentially effective neuroprotector candidate for preventing neuronal cell death reduction, and this compound works with various mechanisms.</p> Putu Asih Primatanti, I Made Jawi ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 17 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Brain and emotions on learning process <p style="text-align: justify;">The objective of this research was to describe how the brain is fundamental in the teaching-learning process. This analysis has performed considering the importance of neuroscience and its influence on education, another important issue is emotions as stimuli for meaningful learning.</p> William Ecuador Martínez Albán, María José Briceño Ruperti, Dubal Edison Salvatierra Tumbaco, María Elena Moya Martínez ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 08 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Neuroscience role in education <p style="text-align: justify;">Education is the path that facilitates the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and abilities, the research aimed to study the brain and learning a fundamental role in education, it addresses motivation, memory, and intelligence for learning classroom. The work offers a conceptual analysis of the brain, considered as the machine for capturing the individual and learning as a process that is acquired during life. The methodology applied in this study was based on the fieldwork carried out in an educational unit, of the city of Manta. In the 2019-2020 school period, where the qualities of the students and teachers were observed, as subjects and primary objects for the study index. The methods applied were qualitative, by the detailed description of the phenomenon of study on behavior, thinking and attitudes; in addition, the inductive-deductive methods have applied, by the study of the general to the particular and particular to the general. Finally, the conclusions have presented on the basis that, neurosciences cover an attractive field that allows knowing the human being internally and externally, how to motivate the individual to achieve success. In the educational field, it was possible to know appropriate strategies and techniques for learning in the classroom, it is necessary that human beings take care of the brain, nourishing it with food energy and knowledge through reading and research.</p> María Mercedes Lopez Lopez, Juan Carlos Espinal Herrera, Yiria Giovinezza Macias Figueroa, Paola Katherine Moreira Sanchez ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 08 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Training with cognitive behavioral techniques for the control of precompetitive anxiety <p style="text-align: justify;">Various research in Sports Psychology has shown that a high level of pre-competitive anxiety negatively influences the performance of athletes. The proposed intervention program, expressing the combined use of Jacobson's Progressive Relaxation and Cognitive Restructuring, is implemented in the male volleyball and school volleyball school teams of the Orestes Acosta Sports Initiation School, in time from February to May 2016, with the participation of the Sports Medicine Center of Santiago de Cuba. Different psychological procedures are used before the development of the program and once it is finished: the Spielberger Anxiety Test, Daily Thought Record, Psychological Inventory of Sports Execution, and Attitude for Competition, Observation and Interview, as well as an evaluation provided by the coaches about the sports performance of the teams. For the statistical processing of the data, the SPSS 12 software package is used. With the execution of this program, it is intended to provide athletes with psychological skills from the behavioral cognitive, which allow them to control the high level of state anxiety against training and skills and in turn optimize your sports performance; It is also considered appropriate to encourage professionals in this area to systematically use Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques.</p> Milan Ochoa Chang, Aliuska Oliva Peralta, Osvaldo Jiménez Pérez de Corcho ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 04 Feb 2020 08:10:37 +0000 Relationship between obesity with risk of obstruction in lateral inguinal hernia <p style="text-align: justify;">Obesity is a state of excess weight due to the accumulation of fat in adipose tissue so that it can increase intra-abdominal pressure. Increased intra-abdominal pressure can increase the risk of obstruction in the lateral inguinal hernia. This study aims to determine the relationship between obesity and the risk of obstruction in patients with lateral inguinal hernia. This study uses an analytical research design with a cross-sectional approach by involving 152 respondents with a lateral inguinal hernia at Ari Canti General Hospital January 2018 – August 2019. The technique of this research is a consecutive sampling and data was obtained from the patient’s medical records. The samples then analyzed with Chi-Square and stratification confounding factors with Mantel-Haenzel. From 152 respondents, 71 (46.7%) are obese and 81 (53.3%) are non-obese, 59 (38.8%) are with obstruction, 93 (61.2%) are without obstruction. There are relationship between obesity and the risk of obstruction in lateral inguinal hernia (p = 0.032, OR = 2.058, CI = 1.061-3.993). The analysis of Mantel-Haenzel shows that a history of heavy lifting (p = 0.125) and a history of alcohol (p = 0.077) as confounding. The Breslow-Day homogeneity analysis shows that the history of prostate enlargement (p = 0.003) as a confounding variable. Obesity has a relationship with the risk of obstruction in patients with lateral inguinal hernia, with a confounding variable history of weight lifting, alcohol history, and a history of prostate enlargement.</p> I Made Kasmadi Gunawan, Putu Ayu Indah Saraswati, Pande Made Gunawan Adi Putra ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 26 Feb 2020 13:09:53 +0000