International journal of health & medical sciences <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJHMS </strong>is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality.&nbsp;The frequency of publication is two issues per year, i.e. January &amp; July. <br>ISSN 2632-9433</p> en-US <p>All articles in the SLOAP Journals are published under the terms of the &nbsp;Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License&nbsp;(CC BY-SA) which allows authors and users to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the article.&nbsp;The &nbsp;Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License&nbsp;of an open-access article, as long as the author is properly attributed.&nbsp;Copyright on any research article published by SLOAP is retained by the author(s).&nbsp;Authors grant to the SLOAP right to publish the article, to be cited as its original publisher in case of reuse, and to distribute it in all forms and media.&nbsp;Copyright and source must be acknowledged and a link must be made to the article's DOI.&nbsp;</p> (Prof. Tihnov Koldoris) (Vedran Vucic) Fri, 05 Jul 2019 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Immunological side in overtraining exercise <p style="text-align: justify;">The current paper is a kind of review study. It reviewed the immunological side in overtraining exercise. The method used in reviewing the content was a descriptive qualitative method. The review itself was based on theoretical views. As the results, it is stated that the beneficial effects of regular exercise on the prevention and therapy of lifestyle, related disease, has been established for a long time. However, it is often misinterpreted, so that people conduct the over-exercise activity. The overtraining, that is a phenomenon of conducting the exercise in excessive duration, frequencies, and intensity impacts the damage of myocardial. Furthermore, the complexity and pleiotropic effects of exercise remain an area of intense research. Therefore, in order to complete the frameworks of overtraining theory, future research, that is to confirm and to investigate pathomechanism of organs damage, is needed to be conducted.</p> Made Kurnia Widiastuti Giri ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 27 May 2019 11:13:47 +0000 Human rabies epidemiology in Bali, Indonesia <p style="text-align: justify;">Epidemiological studies against human rabies have been conducted in Bali using data were obtained from Bali Provincial of Health Office reporting system, and then the data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, the results show domestic dog are main vectors of human transmission while cats, monkeys, and bats do not play an important role in the spread of human rabies in Bali. Similarly, there is no indication of human to human transmission during the incubation period after dog bites and rabies victim treatment in hospital. The frequency and the number of dog bites are likely related to the highly of dogs population density in the residential sector in the region. Dog bite cases showed the highest in 2010 (24.4%) and are likely to increase following the frequency of cycle dog breeding season occurs in March, and then give birth in July when approaching the peak of the dry season in August, following the mating season in October and breeding season in March, so the next cycle of the breeding season in July and mating season in October.</p> Ketut Santhia, Wayan Sudiasa ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 24 Jun 2019 15:35:38 +0000 Family violence <p style="text-align: justify;">At present, there are still difficulties of violence in families, the most vulnerable are boys and girls; In addition, in many cases, women are also affected. The atavistic icons still present in the mind of the man known as machismo, implying contempt for the woman, considering her as a mere object destined to satisfy the sexual desires and the conviction that the woman must be subjected to the man. The objective of the work is to know the causes of codependency and the dynamics of intrafamily violence. A bibliographic review has used as a methodology that includes fundamental aspects that intervene in the interfamily process that affects the social environment and family coexistence.</p> Yaniseis Aranda Sarmiento, Dilka Leyva Rodríguez, Thalia Fuentes Leyva, Yostin Raul Menéndez Mendoza ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 25 Jun 2019 04:25:12 +0000 Current approaches and controversies: legalization and non-legalization of drugs <p style="text-align: justify;">When a critical analysis to date has made of, the historical aspects related to the topic of drugs, we could distinguish the existence of contrary positions regarding the possibility of legalizing them or not legalizing them. This dilemma is a very topical and important issue since opting for one position or another has economic, political and social implications that are necessary to keep track of. Therefore, the present study aims to<strong>;</strong> evaluate the advantages and disadvantages that would imply the legalization and non-legalization of drugs. Scientific journals from five years ago have consulted to date, theses and dissertations on the subject, digital and printed books that appear in libraries. Personal communication has made with researchers in the area of ​​addictions. The main results were that the legalization of drugs is very dangerous for society due to its highly addictive and harmful effects on human beings. Likewise, specialists in addictions affirm that legalization can send the wrong message that consuming marijuana and other illegal drugs does not represent risks, which in turn can generate the wrong perception of safety and promote the promotion of consumption. In conclusion, the legalization would not mean the disappearance of the current drug lords, since prices would fall, but this would have compensated with a higher demand, which would increase the sales-consumption volume.</p> Ailén Galano Estevez, Ana Hortensia Rodríguez Espinosa, Dilka Leyva Rodríguez, Thalia Fuentes Leyva ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 27 Jun 2019 05:25:29 +0000 Design of intervention program for preventing of alcohol misuse in university students <p style="text-align: justify;">In the Universidad de Oriente of Santiago de Cuba, recent diagnoses showed there is currently an increase in the rate of young people who consume alcoholic beverages. Therefore, the present research has like General Objective<strong>: </strong>To design a psychoeducational intervention program to prevent the undue consumption of alcohol in the Student Residence of the University of the East of Santiago de Cuba. Techniques such as Composition, Risk Perception Questionnaire on Alcohol Consumption, Social Skills Questionnaire and Preference Questionnaire for leisure time have used. The main results were that 94% of these young people had a low perception of risk on alcohol consumption and only 15% were able to identify the main negative consequences associated with consumption. 96% had insufficient development of social skills, which is associated with the poor ability to resist the pressure of the group.</p> Galano Ailén Estevez, Ana Hortensia Rodríguez Espinosa, Dilka Leyva Rodríguez ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 27 Jun 2019 11:17:13 +0000 Neuropsychiatric factor and polymorphism gene in internet addiction <p style="text-align: justify;">Internet addiction (IA) has been described as ‘excessive or poorly controlled preoccupation, urges, or behaviors regarding computer use and internet access that lead to impairment or distress. Excessive internet user has emerged as a leading cause of behavioral and developmental problems in adolescents. There are several factors that influence the occurrence of internet addiction. The risk factors can be categorized by a social factor, psychiatric factor and biological factor. Some studies have found varied results. Molecular and functional imaging techniques have been increasingly used for the analysis of neurobiological changes and neurochemical correlates of IA. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) studies demonstrate that structural changes in the frontal cortex are associated with functional abnormalities in Internet-addicted subjects. Recent research has implicated the role of the striatal dopaminergic system in the behavioral maladaptation associated with IA. It provided evidence for a molecular genetic link between serotonergic and dopaminergic neurotransmission and Internet addiction like dopamine polymorphism the DRD2/ANKKI Taq Ia and COMT Val158metpolymorphism &nbsp;and the gene coding for the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunit alpha 4 (CHRNA4). As both the genetic and personality traits are known to play a role in other addiction it is likely that same mechanism (biopsychosocial) underlie Internet addiction.</p> Luh Nyoman Alit Aryani, Cokorda Bagus Jaya Lesmana ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 31 Jul 2019 09:52:18 +0000