The contribution of parents in the school performance of elementary sublevel students


  • Sonia Isabel Holguín-Cevallos Maestría en educación básica, Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí, chone, Ecuador, Manabí, Ecuador
  • Holger José Muñoz-Ponce Universidad Laica Eloy Alfaro de Manabí, chone, Ecuador, Manabí, Ecuador


academic performance, family, parents, teacher


The contribution of parents in the school performance of Sublevel students Elementary is essential to develop learning, this allows the teacher to seek strategies to help them in this educational process. The objective was to determine the contribution of the parents in the school performance of the students of the Elementary Sublevel, the scientific method was used whose product today is in knowledge to the scientific community, it helped to obtain information of the diverse theories that provide different authors, the qualitative, quantitative method was also used, whose basic modality is based on a bibliographic, field, and social intervention documentary research. approached through observation and survey; it was reflected in the application of the same and the tabulation of results, both necessary for the achievement of the objectives. The result was that the contribution of parents is necessary to achieve good school performance in learning, helping it to be dynamic and interactive, led by the students themselves who represent the center of interest and motivating elements.


Download data is not yet available.


Arofiq, A. (2020). Effect of work culture on performance through work motivation: study in teachers of public senior high schools in Mataram city. International Journal of Social Sciences, 3(1), 71-79.

Avalos, B. (2011). Teacher professional development in teaching and teacher education over ten years. Teaching and teacher education, 27(1), 10-20.

Ben-Peretz, M. (2011). Teacher knowledge: What is it? How do we uncover it? What are its implications for schooling?. Teaching and teacher Education, 27(1), 3-9.

Bogdan, T. (1986). Qualitative research.

Bromley, Y. (2017). Pedagogical accompaniment and critical teaching reflection, in educational institutions of the primary level, third cycle, UGEL O5 (Master's thesis) César Vallejo University.

Cassady, J. C., & Johnson, R. E. (2002). Cognitive test anxiety and academic performance. Contemporary educational psychology, 27(2), 270-295.

Castle. (2020). The virtual platforms and the academic performance of the students of the Eucative Unit "Mario Cobo Barona". Ambato, Tungurahua, Ecuador: Technical University of Ambato.

Cheng, H.-J. (2019). Family and academic performance: Configuration of student profiles in high school. Electronic Journal of Educational Research, 18(1), 53–68.

De Greeff, J. W., Bosker, R. J., Oosterlaan, J., Visscher, C., & Hartman, E. (2018). Effects of physical activity on executive functions, attention and academic performance in preadolescent children: a meta-analysis. Journal of science and medicine in sport, 21(5), 501-507.

Diab, SY-L. (2018). Ecological approach to academic achievement in the face of war and military violence Elementary School Journal, 119(1), 1–28.

Gomez, M.E. (2017). Overview of the Mexican educational system from the perspective of public policies. Educational Innovation, 17(74), 143-163. Retrieved from

Gubbins, V.e. (2016). Gubbins, V. and Ibarra, S. (2016). Family Educational Strategies in Elementary School: Psychometric Analysis of a Parental Practices Scale. Psyche, 25(1), 1-17.

Guerrero Bejarano, MA (2016). Qualitative research.

Guzman, V. &. (2018). Pedagogical accompaniment to improve school performance in children from rural communities. Research Journal University Link, 17(1), 18-23.

Helal, S.J. (2018). Predicting academic performance by considering student heterogeneity,, .

Hernandez, F. (2003). Hernández, Fernández and Baptista, 2003. Research Methodology (p5)

Honicke, T., & Broadbent, J. (2016). The influence of academic self-efficacy on academic performance: A systematic review. Educational research review, 17, 63-84.

Leon C. (2020). Incidence of the practice of values in the academic performance of online teaching generated by the "covid-19" pandemic in time of confinement reflected from the Basic Education Career of the FCJSE-UTB, canton Babahoyo Pr.

López M. al et. (2017). Low academic performance in students and family dysfunction. Medisan, 19(9), 1163-1166.

Lozano, A. (2020). Academic performance. International Journal of Sociology of Education, 79-104.

O'Connor, T. M., Jago, R., & Baranowski, T. (2009). Engaging parents to increase youth physical activity: a systematic review. American journal of preventive medicine, 37(2), 141-149.

Olaya Muñoz, Y. (2015). Effective accompaniment of parents in the school process of children from 6 to 7 years of the Liceo Infantil Mi Nuevo Mundo.

Ospina, W. (2017). The night school. Standard Publishing Group. Bogota Ospina, William. Education. Available at:

Plasza, A. (2016). Reading of teaching-learning strategies by Carles Monereo. Retrieved from

Rafael Linares, A. (2007). Cognitive development: Piaget's and Vygotsky's theories. Spain: Autonomous University of Barcelona. Retrieved from http://www. paedopsychiatry. cat/files/theories_development_cognitive_07-09_m1. pdf. http://www.paidopsiquiatr.

Scola, A. (2012). Family and society. Humanitas Magazine, 26, 5-16.

Sichique, L. (2017). Strategies and techniques in learning, Country: Editorial Digital UNIT. Retrieved from

Toro, I. (2011). Impact of the Use of Meaningful Learning Strategies in Preschool Children - Single Edition. Ciencias Exactas y Ciencias de la Salud. Tesis de grado.

Vissing, Y. M., Straus, M. A., Gelles, R. J., & Harrop, J. W. (1991). Verbal aggression by parents and psychosocial problems of children. Child abuse & neglect, 15(3), 223-238.

Williams, J., Julia, B., Stephaney, M., & Tracey, S. (2017). Factores de protección y procesos que contribuyen al éxito académico de los estudiantes que viven en la pobreza: implicaciones para los consejeros”, Journal of Multicultural Couns. Obtenido de

Yarlequé, R. (2019). Estilos de aprendizaje en el rendimiento académico de los estudiantes del primer grado de primaria de la institución educativa N° 20320 Domingo Mandamiento Sipan. Obtenido de

Yuan, R., Xu, Q. H., Xia, C. C., Lou, C. Y., Xie, Z., Ge, Q. M., & Shao, Y. (2020). Psychological status of parents of hospitalized children during the COVID-19 epidemic in China. Psychiatry research, 288, 112953.

Zeichner, K. (2005). Becoming a teacher educator: A personal perspective. Teaching and teacher education, 21(2), 117-124.

Zeichner, K., & Wray, S. (2001). The teaching portfolio in US teacher education programs: What we know and what we need to know. Teaching and teacher education, 17(5), 613-621.



How to Cite

Holguín-Cevallos, S. I., & Muñoz-Ponce, H. J. (2022). The contribution of parents in the school performance of elementary sublevel students. International Journal of Social Sciences, 5(3), 138-145.