International journal of social sciences 2019-09-09T08:42:13+00:00 Tamar Shiukashvili (Ph.D.) Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJSS</strong> is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. The frequency of publication is two issues per year, i.e. January &amp; July.&nbsp;<br>ISSN 2632-9409</p> Critical study of Indian and french philosophical literature: in search of wisdom, spirituality and rationalism 2019-05-13T06:36:39+00:00 Srashti Srivastava Satendra Kumar Mishra <p style="text-align: justify;">The Indian philosophy is enriched with incredible, spiritual wisdom. Indian history is full of examples where the literature was specially designed to promote “the aim of life”. The French literature is known more for its romanticism in the medieval times, pre or post renaissance whereas the Indian literature reflects spiritual romanticism. To begin with the French literature, we found an influence of Granada on the French spiritual literature. It is often said that probably there is no spiritual French writer who has not read Granada, especially of the 17th century. Based on our initial research, we found that French literature is blessed with extraordinary French philosophers. The wisdom in the French literature in fact worked as a catalyst in French enlightenment. Shruti, as per the Indian mythology are the words of god passed on to the mortals and spread verbally through generations. The four Vedas come under this category. Smriti means the literature which must be remembered after listening or reading and can be written. The works like Upanishads, Brahmanas and Puranas come under this category. The very essence of the Indian philosophical wisdom is to transform the metaphysical agony into spiritual peace.</p> 2019-05-13T06:33:49+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Values-based social studies learning the Malay culture in secondary schools in developing social studies skills of learners 2019-05-13T14:54:23+00:00 - Rohani <p style="text-align: justify;">This research is mainly based on social issues on moral decrease among learners in Elementary Schools in Riau Province such as cheating habits, absences, bullying, student brawls and smoking habits as the effect of the disorganized educational system in developing the character building of learners. This research is aimed to assess how effective learning process in Social Studies in Secondary Schools through values-based social studies learning the Malay culture in secondary schools in developing social skills of learners in Riau Province. From educational philosophy perspective, lesson planning, learning process, and learning outcomes are integral parts. This research is conducted in CIPP model evaluation methods, purposive random sampling, and mixed methods. It is concluded that firstly, the grounding philosophy in values-based social studies learning the Malay culture in secondary schools in developing social skills of learners in Riau Province implementing the 2013 curriculum is mainly based on social reconstruction philosophy and progressive.</p> 2019-05-13T14:48:36+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Capitalistic anthropocentrism to nature and papua women: study of ecofeminism in novel tanah tabu 2019-05-14T04:17:11+00:00 Moh. Badrus Solichin <p style="text-align: justify;">This research was conducted to investigate capitalistic anthropocentrism to nature and woman in Tanah Tabu. Here, Freeport is an actor of capitalistic anthropocentrism while Baliem Valley and female character in Tanah Tabu are representatives of exploited objects. By analysis, the theory of ecofeminism by Vandana Shiva is used here to answer the questions of the research. Therefore, the implication is to study act of capitalistic anthropocentrism of Freeport examined based on the purpose of western colonialism (United Stated of America) that came to Papua by developing mining industry. In the process, the mining industry run by capitalist faced the problem being tried to solve by using modern science and spirit of developing civilization as an effort to cover their act. In this case, ecofeminism shows role of women in struggling their exploited home (nature). This fact appears from relationship between women’s domestic life and nature that cannot be vanished. The discussion results in this study is firstly, the character of capitalistic anthropocentrism by Freeport is known from their motives in developing civilization by modern science, modernism toward conservatism, and colonialism. Secondly, ecofeminism puts female character Tanah Tabu in dualism of role; as a victim and a fighter against capitalistic anthropocentrism.</p> 2019-05-14T04:12:53+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The effectiveness of HRM policies and practices 2019-05-14T06:28:07+00:00 Nwonu Christopher <p style="text-align: justify;">GSM companies need strategic HRM in order to engage and allow employees to adhere to policies and practices. HRM though regarding policies and practices revolve around recruitment, selection, job placement, the environment of work, performance, productivity and satisfaction issues. GSM companies must emphasize the cordial relationship between employer and employees. The organizational policy spells out the ethics code of conduct, the dos, don’ts and constitution of the GSM companies. This policy guideline determines employees’ practices in terms of behavior, job placement, actions, and job execution. Cooperation between firm and employees is determined by the amount of respect both have for each other. HRM policy emphasizes that employees must keep to prescribed rules and regulations while the employer (GSM Companies) must satisfy their own end of the bargain by paying salaries promptly, making the job environment conducive, emphasizing on training and development of her staff. The result of this union between employees and employer brings about the achievement of organizational goals and objectives such as growth, productivity, performance, profit, etc.</p> 2019-05-14T06:27:33+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Folk tales as genre in Georgian and English folklore 2019-06-15T14:08:47+00:00 Tamar Shiukashvili <p style="text-align: justify;">The article deals with the most popular and significant genre of Georgian and English folklore – a folk tale. It reviews first of all the definition of folk tales, the structure of Georgian and English folk tales as a genre of folklore. It discusses the anthropomorphic figures as a symbol of evil and kindness. The aim of our research is to consider the peculiarities of the Georgian and English folk tales, show differences of these folk tales through comparison.</p> 2019-06-15T14:08:15+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Usability of innovative learning models in higher education 2019-08-07T14:47:50+00:00 Ida Bagus Nyoman Mantra I Nengah Astawa Nengah Dwi Handayani <p style="text-align: justify;">The present study was conducted to analyze the teaching models employed by English language lecturers in higher education. The analysis includes the selected teachings models and their implementation in real classroom settings. This study made use of a qualitative research design in which the data were analyzed utilizing deep argumentation and the analysis was presented descriptively. The required data were collected through direct observation and in-depth interviews with the selected English language lecturers. The collected data were analyzed in a comprehensive analytical manner to obtain the findings. The findings of the present study indicated that English language lecturers employed various models of teaching. The selected teaching models are based on currently developed language approaches. The classroom observation indicated that the teaching models are sufficiently effective in improving students’ competence. The study implies that English language lectures should maintain the use of appropriate teaching models to enhance their students’ competence.</p> 2019-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Teachers’ competences in dealing with instructional constraints to develop higher quality of learning 2019-09-09T08:42:13+00:00 Ida Bagus Nyoman Mantra I Nyoman Suwandi Ni Luh Sukanadi Ni Ketut Wendi Astuti I Gusti Ayu Putu Tuti Indrawati <p style="text-align: justify;">Competence is usually associated with highly professional performance and there is a direct link in the field of education between a teacher’s professional competence and students’ performance. The present study explores teachers’ competences in dealing with instructional constraints to develop a higher quality of learning. The participants were pre-service junior high school teachers. The analysis includes teachers’ strategies in encountering the various constraints and problem faced by the teachers in conducting teaching and learning process. This study made use of a qualitative research design in which the data were analyzed analytically with deep argumentation and presented descriptively. Data were collected through direct observation and in-depth interviews with the selected junior high school teachers. The findings of the present study indicated that pre-service junior school teachers employed some strategies in dealing with the students' learning constraints which mainly modifying teaching strategies and motivating the students to learn more actively. This study suggests that teachers should continually develop their competence in dealing with various problems found in the classroom.</p> 2019-07-31T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##