Phatic expression used in daily English conversation



Phatic expression is done by people to keep active in doing conversation. This study aims at looking for the kinds of phatic expression used in daily English conversation. To collect data, researcher used observation. The findings revealed: section of beginning, core and closing. These are from polite expressions until casual ones.


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How to Cite

Kurniawan, A. (2021). Phatic expression used in daily English conversation. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 7(4). Retrieved from



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