Pragmatic approach to Indonesian speaking skills for student vocational high schools
Keywords:appropriate language, indonesian speaking, interpreting data, language learning, pragmatic approach, speaking skills
The Indonesian language serves as a bridge between the various languages, customs, ethnicities and cultures in the country. The problem that occurs in class is that students are less able to speak Indonesian well and are not in accordance with the situation and context, so there is a need for learning innovation. Purpose (1). Students are able to communicate well (2). Practicing oral expressions between teachers and students (3). The learning process of speaking Indonesian subjects. The research method used a descriptive qualitative approach. Supporting instruments in this study by observing, processing and interpreting data in accordance with the objectives. Data collection techniques through (a). interview (b). Observation (c). Take notes. The analysis process is in accordance with the following stages: (1) data collection; (2) data reduction; (3) presentation of data (4) draw conclusions. Conclusion: Appropriate language competence in language learning is supported through structural language learning. Through learning about external aspects that often affect the communication process. Learning speaking skills through a pragmatic approach is effective in enhancing active learning, and improving students' speaking skills inside and outside the classroom.
Angelina, P. (2019). Improving Indonesian EFL students’ speaking skill through PechaKucha. LLT Journal: A Journal on Language and Language Teaching, 22(1), 86-97.
Cavendish, J. C. (1995). Integrating feature-based surface design with freeform deformation. Computer-Aided Design, 27(9), 703-711. https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-4485(95)00011-F
Chaniago, S. M., & Mukti, U. S. Maidar Arsyad. 1997. Pragmatik. Jakarta: Universitas Terbuka.
Crystal, D. (2011). A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics (Vol. 30). John Wiley & Sons.
Davies, A. (2007). Introduction to applied linguistics: From practice to theory: from practice to theory. Edinburgh University Press.
de Pablos-Ortega, C. (2011). The pragmatics of thanking reflected in the textbooks for teaching Spanish as a foreign language. Journal of Pragmatics, 43(9), 2411-2433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2011.02.016
Deda, N. (2013). The role of Pragmatics in English language teaching. Pragmatic competence. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 2(4), 63-63.
del Saz Rubio, M. M. (2011). A pragmatic approach to the macro-structure and metadiscoursal features of research article introductions in the field of Agricultural Sciences. English for Specific Purposes, 30(4), 258-271. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esp.2011.03.002
Eslami-Rasekh, Z., Eslami-Rasekh, A., & Fatahi, A. (2004). The Effect of Explicit Metapragmatic Instruction on the Speech Act Awareness of Advanced EFL Students. TESL-EJ, 8(2), n2.
Evans, S., & Green, C. (2007). Why EAP is necessary: A survey of Hong Kong tertiary students. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 6(1), 3-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jeap.2006.11.005
Holland, A. L. (1991). Pragmatic aspects of intervention in aphasia. Journal of Neurolinguistics, 6(2), 197-211. https://doi.org/10.1016/0911-6044(91)90007-6
Huberman, M., & Miles, M. B. (2002). The qualitative researcher's companion. Sage.
Jorda, M. P. S. (2004). An analysis on EAP learners' pragmatic production: a focus on request forms. Ibérica, Revista de la Asociación Europea de Lenguas para Fines Específicos, (8), 23-39.
Jordà, S. (2004, November). Digital instruments and players: Part ii-diversity, freedom and control. In ICMC.
Kasper, G., & Rose, K. R. (1999). Pragmatics and SLA. Annual review of applied linguistics, 19, 81-104.
Kecskes, I. (2000). A cognitive-pragmatic approach to situation-bound utterances. Journal of pragmatics, 32(5), 605-625. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(99)00063-6
Kusmiarti, R., & Yuniati, I. (2020). Improving Student Communication Skills in Learning Indonesian Language Through Collaborative Learning.
Leech, G. N. (1983). 1983, Principles of Pragmatics. London; New-York.
Levinson, S. C. (1997). From outer to inner space: linguistic categories and non-linguistic thinking (pp. 13-45). Cambridge University Press.
Mulyani, M. (2019, June). Kajian pragmatik terhadap materi pembelajaran pada silabus bahasa inggris wajib kelas x sma kurikulum 2013. In Seminar Nasional Pendidikan 2015 (pp. 456-464).
Nababan, P. W. J. (1987). Ilmu pragmatik (teori dan penerapannya). Jakarta: Depdiknas.
Nurhadi, T. B. P. (1995). Landasan Penyusunan Buku Pelajaran Bahasa. Semarang: IKIP Semarang Press, tt.
Paul, R. (2008). Interventions to improve communication in autism. Child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of North America, 17(4), 835-856. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chc.2008.06.011
Rohmadi, M. (2014). Kajian pragmatik percakapan guru dan siswa dalam pembelajaran bahasa Indonesia. Paedagogia, 17(1), 53-61.
Simpson, J. (2006). Differing expectations in the assessment of the speaking skills of ESOL learners. Linguistics and Education, 17(1), 40-55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.linged.2006.08.007
Stone, M. H. (1990). Treatment of borderline patients: a pragmatic approach. Psychiatric Clinics, 13(2), 265-285. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0193-953X(18)30366-6
Sutopo, H. B. (1996). Metodologi penelitian kualitatif (Metodologi penelitian untuk ilmu-ilmu sosial dan budaya). Surakarta: Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta.
Taguchi, N. (2015). “Contextually” speaking: A survey of pragmatic learning abroad, in class, and online. System, 48, 3-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2014.09.001
Taguchi, N. (2018). Description and explanation of pragmatic development: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods research. System, 75, 23-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2018.03.010
Tarigan, H. G. (2008). Reading as a language skill. Bandung: Angkasa.
Tarvin, L. D. (2014). Communicative competence: its definition, connection to teaching, and relationship with interactional competence. Education Specialists Thesis. University of Missouri. Retrieved from: https://www. academia. edu/19300994/Communicative_Competence_Its_Definition_Conn ection_to_Teaching_and_Relationship_with_Interactional_Competence.
Torky, S. A. E. (2006). The Effectiveness of a Task-Based Instruction Program in Developing the English Language Speaking Skills of Secondary Stage Students. Online Submission.
Van Wynsberghe, A., & Robbins, S. (2014). Ethicist as designer: a pragmatic approach to ethics in the lab. Science and engineering ethics, 20(4), 947-961. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11948-013-9498-4
Widiasri, D. A., Budiarsa, M., Sudipa, I. N., & Satyawati, M. S. (2019). Speech act in Indonesian language teaching: an ethnography communication study. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 5 (5), 55-62.
Yohanes, B. (2006). Pragmatic Approach. http://digilib.upi.edu/pasca/available/etd-1127106-110028/
Yule, G. (2000). Pragmatics (5th Impression). Oxford Oxford University Press.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 International journal of linguistics, literature and culture
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Articles published in the International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture (IJLLC) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant IJLLC right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.
Articles published in IJLLC can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
This copyright notice applies to articles published in IJLLC volumes 6 onwards. Please read about the copyright notices for previous volumes under Journal History.