Satir et al.’s Personal Iceberg Metaphor in Malcolm & Marie: Finding Self-Understanding and Personal Development


  • Ya-huei Wang Chung Shan Medical University; Chung Shan Medical University Hospital
  • Chi-Ya Chen Department of Applied Foreign Languages, Chung Shan Medical University


Personal iceberg metaphor, intimate relationship, coping, personal development, self


This study intends to use Satir et al.’s personal iceberg metaphor as a framework to uncover hidden messages in the texts of Malcolm & Marie and to explore the unexpressed inner self of Marie, who is in the midst of an argument with her lover, Malcolm. In order to reach this goal, the study uses latent-content analysis as a research technique, based on Satir et al.’s Personal Iceberg Metaphor model—behavior, coping, feelings, feelings about feelings, perceptions, expectations, yearnings, and self—as a framework to analyze the texts from the film Malcolm & Marie to realize how these metaphors can help characters, especially Marie, to reach self-understanding and personal development. When encountering the deeper layers of her personal experiences and after an exploration of these layers, Marie becomes better able to listen to her own hidden messages, realize what she yearns for, and hence, find her true self.  


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How to Cite

Wang, Y.- huei, & Chen, C.-Y. (2022). Satir et al.’s Personal Iceberg Metaphor in Malcolm & Marie: Finding Self-Understanding and Personal Development. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 8(6). Retrieved from



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