International journal of linguistics, literature and culture https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJLLC&nbsp;</strong>is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. It is currently published six times a year, i.e. in&nbsp;<em>January, March, May, July, September,&nbsp;</em>and<em>&nbsp;November.&nbsp;</em></p> SLOAP en-US International journal of linguistics, literature and culture 2455-8028 <p>All articles in the SLOAP Journals are published under the terms of the &nbsp;Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License&nbsp;(CC BY-SA) which allows authors and users to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the article.&nbsp;The &nbsp;Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License&nbsp;of an open-access article, as long as the author is properly attributed.&nbsp;Copyright on any research article published by SLOAP is retained by the author(s).&nbsp;Authors grant to the SLOAP right to publish the article, to be cited as its original publisher in case of reuse, and to distribute it in all forms and media.&nbsp;Copyright and source must be acknowledged and a link must be made to the article's DOI.&nbsp;</p> A cross-cultural analysis of female protagonist on selecting novel of chitra banarjee divakaruni and bharati mukherjee https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc/article/view/719 <p style="text-align: justify;">In the 21<sup>st </sup>century, women's writing in English has been considered as a powerful medium of modernism and feminist proclamation in the contemporary society of patriarchy life. The last two decades have witnessed extraordinary success in feminist writings of Indian English literature even Today is the generation of those women writers who are rich and have been educated in the West. Hence, this paper examines to analysis the cross-cultural values and divulgences of female protagonist’s of the great diasporic writers Chitra Banarjee Divakaruni and Bharati Mukherjee select novels. It also discussed the problems of women and in their suppressions in our post-modern society how they lost their identity and how do they feel their separation of culture from native land to an alien land.</p> G. Sankar J. Prabhavathi S. Sankarakumar ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-08-28 2019-08-28 5 5 1 6 10.21744/ijllc.v5n5.719 Application of self-evaluation and co-evaluation on learning processes https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc/article/view/727 <p style="text-align: justify;">One of the important points within the evaluation is who performs it, long ago it was understood that the evaluation always came from an external instance to the evaluation, which was usually the teacher. Self-assessment is when the student is evaluated, while co-evaluation is when the group evaluates in a reciprocal way, encouraging participation, critical and constructive reflection, identifying achievements and shortcomings within the process of Learning. This article aimed to identify the application of self-assessment and co-evaluation in learning processes, where the research was of exploratory type, the scientific method was applied, synthetic analytical, gave as end result that teachers know the importance of these evaluative practices, because of situations of conformity, monotony, and fear of causing enmities with students do not use them.</p> Antonia Betty Gomez Vera Mercedes Katherine Gomez Vera Aidee Monserrate Ramos Garcia María Janeth Vélez Miranda ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-09-01 2019-09-01 5 5 7 14 10.21744/ijllc.v5n5.727 Suicide phenomenon on bebandem village: a review on religious and socio-cultural https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc/article/view/730 <p style="text-align: justify;">There is an ideational culture. It can be interpreted as a basis for thinking that the final reality is nonmaterial. It cannot be captured on eye-catching. The theory also stated that this world is seen as an illusion, and temporary or can be interpreted as an imperfect and incomplete aspect of reality. The next theory is the sensory culture theory. If the previous theory assumes that we must balance between the interests of the world and the hereafter, on the theory of sensory culture, on the contrary, we must be more oriented towards worldly interests. The material world experience with our senses is only reality that exists. The final theory is mixed culture theory. This theory is an affirmation between ideational and sensory theory. The theories are used to explain the causes of related suicide to sensate culture. The cultural dynamic theory was chosen as one of the cornerstones of this research. Due to the theory is consists of types of cultural mentality. Thus, this theory is used to explain the cultural conditions and situations that occur in Bebandem Village and the conditions and situations experienced by individuals who commit suicide through interviews, observation and so forth. Data collected are observation techniques, in-depth interviews, and document study techniques.</p> I Putu Gde Santika Ida Bagus Gde Yudha Triguna I Wayan Budi Utama ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-09-02 2019-09-02 5 5 15 22 10.21744/ijllc.v5n5.730 Character education through diksha suputra on ambar asram https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc/article/view/736 <p style="text-align: justify;">The current study was intended at determining the reasons for character education through <em>diksha suputra</em>. It was implanted on <em>ambar ashram</em>. It was to describe the process of character education. The last one was to elaborate on the implications of character education through <em>diksha suputra</em> for students, family, and community. The present research was field research. The qualitative research was applied on analyzing the data. Data collection was conducted based on observation, in-depth interviewed, and document study. Data analysis was performed with interpretative descriptive techniques. The theory was used namely structural-functional theory, social learning theory, and essentialism theory.</p> I Gede Putu Yasa Ida Ayu Gde Yadnyawati I Wayan Budi Utama ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-09-06 2019-09-06 5 5 23 29 10.21744/ijllc.v5n5.736 Intercultural communication based on ideology, theology and sociology https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc/article/view/738 <p style="text-align: justify;">The research was intended at exploring the intercultural communication based on ideology, theology, and sociology on Pura Dalem Solo. It was <em>pur</em>a <em>kahyangan jagat. </em>Those have occurred many activities reflected intercultural communication. Intercultural communication raised some interesting things to study in order to formulate findings that can be used as a cultural reflection facing the global era. The existence of the temple was also related to history, tradition, and culture. They have accumulated from past thought. Therefore, it manifests in the form of multicultural culture and becomes a scientific study. The temple might be stated as an iconic culture. It was built from intercultural communication involving several things unlike, processes, patterns, and implications arise in intercultural communication. A cultural icon becomes the basis of the study. It can then be seen on the temple not only as a sacred place but also as a communication medium. In this case, cultural symbols were messages, and the <em>pengempon-penyiwi </em>resident were communicants or recipients as well as subjects who treat the message.</p> I Gusti Ayu Ratna Pramesti Dasih Ida Bagus Gde Yudha Triguna I Wayan Winaja ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-09-07 2019-09-07 5 5 29 35 10.21744/ijllc.v5n5.738 Toni morrison’s poetics of intertextuality or the supreme art of borrowing https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc/article/view/742 <p style="text-align: justify;">In crafting her fiction, Morrison draws on various sources. She draws on world literature, the African and African American culture, and the national archives or the official historiography. These different elements which are constitutive of the novelistic discourse of Morrison represent her poetics of intertextuality. Through this intertextuality, Morrison questions the monopoly of meaning, the notion of originality and authenticity. Morrison’s poetics of intertextuality is transgressive not for the mere sake of non-conformism but for the sake of creativity. It is culturally productive since by borrowing from different authors and different cultures, Morrison creates a conducive artistic space of self-expression. Her poetics of intertextuality calls on the aesthetic acuity of the reader. For example, there is an aestheticization of trauma or violence, which is as strange as creating beauty out of some filthy dirt. The scars on the body parts of some characters are turned into a narrative device. Art is not innocent since there is always an underlying ideology in an artwork. Morrison’s poetics of intertextality is also a poetics of transgression since it violates the canonized aesthetic literary norms. In the light of the works of Franck J. D'Angelo, Kristeva, Bakhtin, Gerard Genette, and Roland Barthes on intertextuality, this paper endeavors to deconstruct these different borrowings that constitute Morrison’s poetics of intertextuality.</p> Ousseynou Sy ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-09-12 2019-09-12 5 5 36 54 10.21744/ijllc.v5n5.742 Speech act in Indonesian language teaching: an ethnography communication study https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc/article/view/740 <p style="text-align: justify;">The purpose of this study is to identify the verbal form and function of students' speech acts in the classroom, using the ethnographic approach Hymes communication in order to express the way they interact in class. Data was gained from the speech acts of students and teachers during the learning process. Furthermore, this study applied a qualitative descriptive approach. From the results of the study, it is found that the verbal form and function of directive speech acts in classroom were questioning, commanding, and advising.</p> Dewa Ayu Widiasri Made Budiarsa I Nengah Sudipa Made Sri Satyawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-09-14 2019-09-14 5 5 55 62 10.21744/ijllc.v5n5.740 Projection clauses application on pan balang tamak text https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc/article/view/748 <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Pan Balang Tamak </em>text is one of popular texts in the community of Bali-Indonesia. Since several years ago, the popularity of the text has declined in community. Even more, many Balinese young generations do not recognize the text at all. The related institutions do some efforts to prevent the text from extinction, one of which is to write spoken text into written text. Many versions of <em>Pan Balang Tamak</em> written text are found in community, one of which is <em>Pan Balang Tamak </em>written. The text is viewed as contradiction from the figure’s character point of view. Language has very important role to identify the character of the figure through social interaction. The language used in social interaction is projection clauses. The research aims to find out the appropriate figure’s character through projection clauses.</p> I Ketut Suardana I Nengah Sudipa I Nyoman Sedeng Putu Sutama ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-09-18 2019-09-18 5 5 63 70 10.21744/ijllc.v5n5.748