International journal of linguistics, literature and culture <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJLLC&nbsp;</strong>is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. It is currently published three times a year, i.e. in&nbsp;<em>January, March, May, July, September,&nbsp;</em>and<em>&nbsp;November.&nbsp;</em></p> SLOAP en-US International journal of linguistics, literature and culture 2455-8028 <p>All articles in the SLOAP Journals are published under the terms of the &nbsp;Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License&nbsp;(CC BY-SA) which allows authors and users to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the article.&nbsp;The &nbsp;Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License&nbsp;of an open-access article, as long as the author is properly attributed.&nbsp;Copyright on any research article published by SLOAP is retained by the author(s).&nbsp;Authors grant to the SLOAP right to publish the article, to be cited as its original publisher in case of reuse, and to distribute it in all forms and media.&nbsp;Copyright and source must be acknowledged and a link must be made to the article's DOI.&nbsp;</p> The language learning assessment using technology for the second language learners <p style="text-align: justify;">Teacher education refers to the policies and procedures designed to equip prospective teachers with knowledge, attitudes, behaviors’ and skills they require to perform their tasks effectively in the classroom, school, and wider community. The term ‘teacher training’ seems to be losing ground to ‘teacher education’. In the era of globalization, when the world is changing so fast, the teaching field is also not unaffected. The approach of second language teaching that is ELT (English language teaching) has undergone a sea change. The “drill and practice” method is now considered to be rudimentary. Now, there are electronically sophisticated machines which have entered teaching-learning setting. Machine–assisted learning or e-learning is indeed an innovation in ELT. Even students find this new way of learning a second language to be amazing. Using language games is an efficient way of learning a second language.</p> G. Menaka G. Sankar ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-11 2019-07-11 5 4 1 6 10.21744/ijllc.v5n4.674 Achieving physical and spiritual happiness on bhakti yoga <p style="text-align: justify;">The current paper discussed two points of view, namely; first, analyze critically the methods used to internalize <em>bhakti yoga</em> devotion to followers. Second, to critically analyze the implications that have arisen after the establishment of <em>bhakti yoga</em> ideology. These are very interesting to study because practically <em>bhakti yoga</em> provides “convenience” in achieving physical and spiritual happiness. That is, taking a way that does not twist can accelerate to religion destination, namely the achievement of physical and spiritual happiness. The results showed first, the process of understanding <em>bhakti yoga</em> ideology was carried out by (1) through <em>nawa widha bhakti</em>, (2) hermitage, (3) raising cattle, (4) associating with spiritual teachers (<em>sadhu sangga</em>). Second, the ingrained <em>bhakti yoga</em> ideology has implications for religious life, namely the use of symbols of religious sect identity unlike the use of <em>japamala</em> and <em>tilaka</em>. Implications to socio-culture, there is an interaction of follower’s culture before and after they take part in <em>bhakti yoga</em> in religious sects. The implication for the economy of religious sects and followers is a capital exchange between followers and capital accumulation on followers and organizations.</p> I Wayan Artana I Ketut Suda I Wayan Winaja ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 5 4 7 18 10.21744/ijllc.v5n4.685 Profile of relative strength among various weight categories of senior national women weightlifters <p style="text-align: justify;">The purpose of this study was purposively selected from the “Senior National Championship for the year 2018. Only women weightlifters participated in various weight categories, acted as the subjects. The age of the subjects ranged from 18-34 years. The total subjects were <strong>N=54</strong>, which were divided into three (3) groups of eighteen (18) subjects for each group. The first groups were low weight categories (48 kg. &amp; 53 kg.), Second groups were middleweight categories (63 kg, 69 kg.) and third groups were upper group weight categories (90 kg, +90 kg.). In order to measure the relative strength of various lifters of different groups, the data was collected from the results of “Senior National Championship” Mangalore, Karnataka 21<sup>st</sup> to 25 January 2018. Descriptive Statistic (Mean, Standard Deviation), One-way, ANOVA (Analysis of variance) with post hoc test (LSD) was applied to analyze and compare the relative strength among the different body weight categories. The level of significance was set at 0.05. 3 indicate that there were significant differences in the entire three groups. However, group Lower had higher relative strength. After applying the post Hoc Test (LSD) it was found that there was a significant difference in all three groups in their relative strength.</p> V. F. Peter Suhel Raza ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 5 4 19 24 10.21744/ijllc.v5n4.686 Correlation of irires noun towards sago: An ecolinguistic study <p style="text-align: justify;">This study focuses on the aspects of language and culture that correlate with sago processing systems and compound words. It also explains the language phenomena from the aspect of sago dimensions as a configuration of Irires community life. As it is observed, the Irires speakers distinguish between <em>afes</em> (male sago) lexicon and <em>afaj</em> (female sago) lexicon, as part of their life. In addition to the type of sago, there is also an <em>agen-gen</em> (navel) of <em>mendow</em> (sago) which is identical to humans. Likewise, the container used to accommodate the starch or the upper sago starch is called <em>afes</em> (male) and the lower part is called <em>afaj</em> (female).</p> Yafed Syufi Made Budiarsa I Wayan Simpen Made Sri Satyawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 5 4 25 33 10.21744/ijllc.v5n4.696 Permanent application of diagnostic assessment on learning teaching process <p style="text-align: justify;">This article is an analysis of the application of diagnostic assessment in teaching processes – learning by teachers at the School of Basic Education "May 24" in the canton of Portoviejo, for this purpose, exploratory research was used, to do so, to use exploratory research, to determine quantitative and qualitative criteria and achieve learning directed to the development of the evaluated body, as well as the application of the survey as a technique for collecting relevant data from the object of the study, this study shows that evaluation as a diagnostic process will allow the identification of previous learnings that will mark the starting point and decision-making for new learning, where the teachers apply it only at the beginning of the school year, limiting an educational practice of quality and warmth through modifications that respond to needs regarding the level of student performance, however different authors determine that this type of evaluation it should be used at the beginning of a topic or an academic period, becoming a permanent practice and accompanied by feedback processes.</p> Darwin Gustavo Lucas Delgado Freddy Eduardo Anchundia Delgado Pamela Mariana Zambrano Quiroz ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-07-31 2019-07-31 5 4 34 45 10.21744/ijllc.v5n4.699