International journal of linguistics, literature and culture <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>IJLLC&nbsp;</strong>is published in English and it is open to authors around the world regardless of the nationality. It is currently published six times a year, i.e. in&nbsp;<em>January, March, May, July, September,&nbsp;</em>and<em>&nbsp;November.&nbsp;</em></p> en-US <p>Articles published in the International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture (<strong>IJLLC</strong>) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">CC BY-NC-ND 4.0</a>). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant <strong>IJLLC&nbsp;</strong>right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. 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Jing, Ph.D.) (Vedran Vucic) Sat, 30 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Fundamentalist and tolerant islamic discourse in john updike’s terrorist and jonathan wright’s translation the televangelist <p style="text-align: justify;">Corpus-based critical discourse analysis studies have gained momentum in the last decade. Corpus Linguistics allowed critical discourse analysts to avoid bias in data selection and enlarge their samples for more representative findings. Critical Discourse Analysis, on the other hand, gave depth to corpus linguistic analysis by contextualizing it. The present study combines the two approaches to analyze the semantic prosody of Islamic keywords common to John Updike's <em>Terrorist</em> published in 2006 and Jonathan Wright’s translation <em>The Televangelist </em>published in 2016. The results of corpus-based analysis show that while the semantic prosody of Islamic keywords is negative in Updike’s novel, it is highly positive in the translated novel. The conclusion is that Van Dijk’s proposition of the polarized representation of ‘us’ versus ‘them’ holds for Updike’s fundamentalist Islamic discourse which negatively represents Islam and Muslims. However, Van Dijk’s proposition holds only partially for Wright's tolerant Islamic discourse which positively represents Islam and Muslims without misrepresenting the other.</p> Ahlam Ahmed Mohamed Othman ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 18 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Ideology behind the war of puputan badung <p style="text-align: justify;">This research was intended at exploring the ideology behind the war of Puputan Badung. The researchers observed, there were many questions-ideological regarding the attitude of the King and his retinue in conducting <em>puputan</em>. Therefore, the expression of the ideology behind Puputan Badung was very interesting to study. There were three problems are investigated, namely (1) the ideology behind the war of Puputan Badung, (2) the process of implanting the Puputan Badung ideology, (3) the Puputan Badung implementation in the current context. These issues were discussed using several theories namely, the theory of power relations and knowledge, and the theory of deconstruction. This research on its implementation used a qualitative approach. In terms of data analysis, the emphasis was not on measurement but on efforts to describe and explore the various meanings behind socio-cultural actions carried out by humans. The results study showed that the ideology behind the war of Puputan Badung namely, <em>wirang, </em>honor, <em>Rana Yadnya dan Mati Tan Tumut Pejah</em>, and conservatism. The ideology implantation was conducted through several mediums namely, puppetry, literary work, family, and government.</p> A. A. Ketut Adi Antara, I Putu Gelgel, I Wayan Budi Utama ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 19 Sep 2019 00:00:00 +0000 The stylistics analysis of the poem “raqeeb se, to the rival” by Faiz Ahmed Faiz <p style="text-align: justify;">This study examines the stylistic construction of the poem <em>Raqeeb se</em> “To the Rival” from "Remonstrance" [Naqsh-e-Faryaadii], in which the study unsnarled various literary devices used by Faiz that reveals the style of the poet and aids in understanding the meaning of the text. The present study is comprehensive account of the content, style and the whole language system running in the poem achieved via close reading of the text. The stylistics is done under the aspect of graphological, grammatical, syntactical, phonological patterns. The study via stylistics reveals the pathos and bleakness immersed in the overall tone of the poem. &nbsp;The overarching theme that pervades through the first part of the poem and culminates into second, is sense of loss and deprivation, which the poet first feels for himself and then for the less privileged underclass.&nbsp; Since poetry of Faiz exposes the themes of ideology and power relations, political inequality, economical monopoly, social disorder, and how these conditions are created, imposed and put forwarded by particular power groups and some organized institutions. To answer these all questions, the study looks beyond the surface level and closely probe into the situations which are nurtured and developed over a time. &nbsp;</p> Rashid Chandio, Shadab Fatima, Tarique Tarique, Saira Soomro ##submission.copyrightStatement## Fri, 29 Nov 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Lexicon in Batar text: Ecolinguistics view <p style="text-align: justify;">This research aimed to describe the ideology and the meaning of lexicons used in the text of <em>Batar </em>that found in Mallaca society, East Nusa Tenggara- Indonesia. The basic theory applied in this research was an Ecolinguistics theory with three logical dimensions (ideological, biological, and sociological). In addition, the cultural-linguistic theory was also applied. The approach used in the current research was qualitative descriptive. In collecting data, fieldwork methods were used. On the other hand, methods of participatory observation, interviews, and triangulation were also applied to obtain data. The results have shown that the ideologies laid behind the lexicon were ideologies of hope for rain, the ideology of successfulness in the process of planting, and the ideology of a hope that the harvest will be abundant. The meanings behind the use of the text were stylistic meanings, affective meanings, reflexive meanings, religious meanings, social meanings, and collective meanings.</p> Maria Magdalena Namok Nahak, I Wayan Simpen, Ida Bagus Putra Yadnya, Ni Made Sri Satyawati ##submission.copyrightStatement## Tue, 15 Oct 2019 00:00:00 +0000 Lontar digitalization on lontar study center, Udayana University, Denpasar <p style="text-align: justify;">The research aimed at knowing the reason of lontar digitalization. It was also to describe how lontar digitalization conducted and to explore how lontar digitalization implications towards Hinduism, Balinese culture, technology, economics, and law. The present study has a positive contribution to them. The findings of the current study tended a shift on digital lontar was celebrated according to conditions and utilization. Unlike the digital lontar were used in temples during Hindu holy days. Balinese cultural tradition of <em>nyurat aksara</em> will be reduced and there would be replaced by a digital machine namely, the indications and traditions would be lost related to literary traditions starting from the process of producing lontar leaves and powering of lontar. The tradition was replaced by digital technology. It will practically reduce the people who bring lontar replaced by gadgets, cell phones to read and businesses serve sales, for example, <em>keropak</em>, <em>temutik</em>, <em>pengrupak</em> in terms of the economy will be low.</p> I Made Sudarsana, I Wayan Suka Yasa, I Wayan Budi Utama ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 21 Oct 2019 06:13:08 +0000 Stylistic analysis of charles lamb’s essay dream children-reverie <p style="text-align: justify;">The study has been designed to analyze a literary piece that is “Dream Children Reverie” written by Charles Lamb via stylistics. The stylistic study deals with linguistic, graphological, phonological, grammatical, syntactical and structural aspects of the essay.&nbsp; In the study, the text has been explicated via stylistics analysis of the literary devices and style in which the text has been composed of. The study excavates various literary devices from the essay like symbolism, imagery, humor, and pathos that provides ancillary support to the overall meaning and impact of the essay. The present paper is a comprehensive study of literary text via a linguistic perspective.&nbsp;&nbsp; In addition, the study is also useful to find out themes in the essay Dream Children Reverie and it ensures to depict the self-portraying nature of the composition.</p> Kainat Ali, Shadab Fatima, Tarique Tarique, Rashid Ali Chandio ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 26 Oct 2019 03:01:07 +0000 Video-based observation in master chef role-plays <p style="text-align: justify;">The 21<sup>st</sup> century has witnessed significant changes in the context of language teaching or learning as the world is increasingly globalized and digitalized. Therefore, students in vocational colleges are demanded to learn the skills to be able to survive and succeed in today’s world as both a local and global citizen. The objective of this study was to implement the role-plays’ technique of video recording to improve the student’s speaking ability. In conducting the research, there were two components expected to be improved, namely the teaching-learning process to be conducive and the students’ speaking scores. By applying classroom action research, data were collected in two cycles of learning. The result of the speaking test revealed that the students had made some progress, which was shown by the increase of students’ average speaking scores. The improvement of the scores was also followed by the increase of students learning interest and motivation in a conducive teaching-learning atmosphere.</p> I Ketut Sadia, Gede Ginaya, Kanah Kanah, Wahyuning Dyah, Nyoman Mastiani Nadra ##submission.copyrightStatement## Sat, 26 Oct 2019 03:47:00 +0000 The ellipsis of grammatical functions in coordinative structure of Japanese language <p style="text-align: justify;">The discussion in this paper is focused on the ellipsis of grammatical functions in Japanese covering that of the function of grammatical of coordinative structure. The data analyzed in this paper were taken from Japanese corpus data. The concept of ellipsis was taken from Quirk <em>et al</em>., (1985), Makino &amp; Tsutsui, (1994), and Verhaar (1981). The ellipsis from Quirk et al (1985) was applied the concept of recoverability from the grammatical point of view: (1) textual recoverability, (2) situational recoverability, and (3) structural recoverability. The qualitative and synchronic descriptive method was employed in this study. A qualitatively descriptive method was employed to explain and describe the coordinative sentence, whereas the synchronic approach was used to cover the current language phenomena. The findings show that in the coordinative structure, ellipsis of the function of grammatical subject, ellipsis the function of predicate and ellipsis of the function of object took place. Ellipsis of the function of grammatical in the coordinative structure can be anaphoric or cataphoric. It is called anaphoric because the ellipsis takes place rightward, the controlling constituents are located in the first clauses and the controlled constituents are located in the second clause. It is called cataphoric because the controlling constituents are located in the second clauses and the controlled constituents are located in the first clauses.</p> Made Ratna Dian Aryani ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 06 Nov 2019 11:04:01 +0000 Deconstruction of the colonial discourse on the erpangir ku lau ritual in karo society <p style="text-align: justify;"><em>Erpangir ku lau</em>&nbsp;is a ritual of cleansing based on Hindu&nbsp;<em>Pemena</em>&nbsp;teachings. This ritual teaches the Karo people to maintain harmonious relations between humans, the forces of nature, and the Creator. However, in the Dutch colonial era,&nbsp;<em>erpangir lau</em> was stopped because it was part of the worship and the practice of magic. The method used in this article is a descriptive qualitative research method that uses theory as a basis. This qualitative descriptive design format embraces phenomenology and post-positivism. This study aims to describe, summarize the various situations or phenomena of social reality in a society that are the object of research, and try to pull that reality to the surface as a description of certain conditions, situations, or phenomena. The findings obtained are that the colonial influence still imprinted on the person of the Karo people even though the occupation had long since ended. Concerning the Dutch colonial discourse, it is necessary to carry out a deconstruction practice to reverse the Karo people's perspective on the&nbsp;<em>erpangir ku lau</em><em> rites.</em></p> Vanesia Amelia Sebayang ##submission.copyrightStatement## Thu, 07 Nov 2019 13:16:54 +0000