Ministers and civil servants relations in India: an evaluation

Authors

  • Rajbir Singh Dalal Chairperson, Deptt of Public Admn., CDLU, Sirsa
  • Ekta Chahal Research Scholar, Deptt of Public Admn., CDLU, Sirsa

Keywords:

administrative position, bureaucrats, civil servant, political executive, popular sovereignty

Abstract

In a parliamentary form of government, like in India, there exist two types of executives i.e. political or elected and permanent executive. Political executive derives its power from people and enjoys the power by virtue of constitutional position, while permanent executive or civil servant is selected on merit basis and accumulate its power due to an administrative position and technical expertise. The system of a democratic government is based on the principle of popular sovereignty wherein the supreme rests in people or their elected representative. Political executive or Minister is assisted by a civil servant. A balanced relationship between them is essential for smooth and efficient functioning of government. Minister and civil servant act as two pillars of the parliamentary form of government and weakness of any one of them will adversely affect the performance of government. Theoretically political and permanent executives perform a different role in government but in practice, their work is often overlapping and difficult to differentiate it.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Adamolekun, L. (1986). Politics and administration in Nigeria. Spectrum Books.

Adebayo, A. (1981). Principles and practice of public administration in Nigeria. John Wiley & Sons.

Aucoin, P. (1990). Administrative reform in public management: paradigms, principles, paradoxes and pendulums. Governance, 3(2), 115-137.

Bland, D. L. (2001). Patterns in liberal democratic civil-military relations. Armed Forces & Society, 27(4), 525-540.

Crawford, S. J. (1960). Relations between civil servants and ministers in policy making. Australian Journal of Public Administration, 19(2), 99-112.

Fisk, R. (1983). In time of war: Ireland, Ulster and the price of neutrality, 1939-45. University of Pennsylvania Press.

Frederickson, H. G. (1980). New public administration. University, Ala.: University of Alabama Press.

Frederickson, H. G. (1996). Comparing the reinventing government movement with the new public administration. Public Administration Review, 263-270.

Kelsall, R. K. (2013). Higher civil servants in Britain: From 1870 to the present day. Routledge.

King, S. (2003). Regulating the behaviour of ministers, special advisers and civil servants. Constitution Unit, School of Public Policy, University College London.

Lupia, A. (2003). Delegation and its Perils. na.

Matheson, A., Weber, B., Manning, N., & Arnould, E. (2007). Study on the political involvement in senior staffing and on the delineation of responsibilities between ministers and senior civil servants.

Peters, B. G., & Peters, G. (2002). Politics of bureaucracy. Routledge.

Putnam, R. D. (1973). The political attitudes of senior civil servants in Western Europe: A preliminary report. British Journal of Political Science, 3(3), 257-290.

Qian, L. (2013). What is Political Philosophy. Journal of Jiangsu University (Social Science Edition), 6, 005.

Rose, R. (1981). The political status of higher civil servants in Britain (No. 92). University of Strathclyde, Centre for the Study of Public Policy.

Rosenbloom, D. (2008). The politics–administration dichotomy in US historical context. Public administration review, 68(1), 57-60.

Salomonsen, H. H., & Knudsen, T. (2011). Changes in public service bargains: Ministers and civil servants in Denmark. Public Administration, 89(3), 1015-1035.

Smith, M. J. (1999). The core executive in Britain. Macmillan International Higher Education.

Svara, J. H. (1998). The politics-administration dichotomy model as aberration. Public administration review, 51-58.

Svara, J. H. (2001). The myth of the dichotomy: Complementarity of politics and administration in the past and future of public administration. Public administration review, 61(2), 176-183.

Waldo, D. (2017). The administrative state: A study of the political theory of American public administration. Routledge.

Wood, B. D., & Waterman, R. W. (1991). The dynamics of political control of the bureaucracy. American Political Science Review, 85(3), 801-828.

Wright, M. (1977). Ministers and civil servants: relations and responsibilities. Parliamentary Affairs, 30(3), 293-313.

Published

2016-03-31

How to Cite

Dalal, R. S., & Chahal, E. (2016). Ministers and civil servants relations in India: an evaluation. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific Research, 2(3), 9-15. Retrieved from https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/irjeis/article/view/483

Issue

Section

Research Articles