Teaching-learning methods and their influence on the development of multiple intelligences of initial education



  • José Bernardo Cobeña Álava Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Manabí, Portoviejo, Ecuador
  • Liseth Estefania Aguirre Vera Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Manabí, Portoviejo, Ecuador
  • Verónica Flores Tipán Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Manabí, Portoviejo, Ecuador
  • Gissella Valentina Loor Pinargote Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Manabí, Portoviejo, Ecuador


diversity, influence on learning, multiple intelligences, student population, teaching-learning method


When you start in the teaching process in the initial stage, methods are applied to develop the intelligence of the students. At present there are still teachers who apply traditional methodologies and who continue with the scheme where the teacher is the protagonist of learning, without noticing that the educator creates his learning from his need and interest, the teacher should only be a moderator or guide, in this stage. An investigation was carried out to determine the influence of teaching-learning methods in the development of multiple intelligences in initial education. Surveys were applied to teachers, using deductive, bibliographic, descriptive, and historical methods. Several authors were studied, obtaining as a result that teachers must propose challenges and obstacles to students in different subjects, for the student to develop new ways of understanding and learning using the appropriate methodological strategies such as play corners; With this suggestion, it is sought that the teacher is also creative when teaching his class.


Download data is not yet available.


Abenti, H. F. (2020). How do I teach you? An examination of multiple intelligences and the impact on communication in the classroom. Language & Communication, 73, 29-33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.langcom.2020.04.001

Akbari, R., & Hosseini, K. (2008). Multiple intelligences and language learning strategies: Investigating possible relations. System, 36(2), 141-155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.system.2007.09.008

Alcivar, C. M. M., Quimi, T. L. I., & Barberan, M. F. Z. (2020). The motivation and its importance in the teaching-learning process. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 7(1), 138-144. https://doi.org/10.21744/irjmis.v7n1.832

Ardila, R. (2011). Intelligence. What do we know and what do we need to investigate? Journal of the Colombian Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences , 35 (134), 97-103.

Barrantes Montes, P. (2017). The playful method and its influence on the development of cognitive abilities in the area of Science, Technology and Environment in third year high school students of the Fe y Alegría Educational Institution N ° 25-UGEL 05.

Benítez, GS (2010). Learning strategies through the playful component. marcoELE. Journal of Spanish Foreign Language Didactics , (11), 1-68.

Bezanilla, M. J., Fernández-Nogueira, D., Poblete, M., & Galindo-Domínguez, H. (2019). Methodologies for teaching-learning critical thinking in higher education: The teacher’s view. Thinking skills and creativity, 33, 100584. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2019.100584

Buchanan, J. L. (2012). Prevention of depression in the college student population: a review of the literature. Archives of psychiatric nursing, 26(1), 21-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnu.2011.03.003

Cabezas Gómez, D. (2017). Intrapersonal intelligence and development in people with Down syndrome.

Chamorro, IL (2010). The game in early childhood and primary education. Self-taught , 1 (3), 19-37.

Cunska, A., & Savicka, I. (2012). Use of ICT teaching-learning methods make school math blossom. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 69, 1481-1488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.12.089

Del-Moral-Pérez, ME, Guzmán-Duque, AP, & Fernández, LC (2014). Serious Games: playful scenarios for the development of multiple intelligences in primary school children. Edutec. Electronic Journal of Educational Technology , (47), a267-a267.

Figueroa, YGM, Moreno, JAV, & Gámez, MR (2021). A school with multiple intelligences: vision towards an innovative proposal. Cuban Journal of Higher Education , 40 (1).

González-Treviño, I. M., Núñez-Rocha, G. M., Valencia-Hernández, J. M., & Arrona-Palacios, A. (2020). Assessment of multiple intelligences in elementary school students in Mexico: An exploratory study. Heliyon, 6(4), e03777. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03777

Heredero, ES, & Ceballos, MDPG (2017). Development Of Interpersonal And Intrapersonal Intelligence In Primary Education Based On The Use Of Information And Communication Technologies. Notandum , (44-45), 175-188.

Jiménez Ortíz, ML, & Gordo Contreras, A. (2014). The children's story: facilitator of thought from a pedagogical experience. Praxis & Saber , 5 (10), 151-170.

Larrañaga, A. (2012). The traditional educational model versus new learning strategies (Master's thesis).

Lorenzo, A. R., & Lorenzo, B. U. (2013). Learning styles of teacher education students: Basis in improving the teaching-learning process. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 103, 595-605. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.10.377

Martínez Yacelga, ADR, & Salinas Flores, PP (2020). The educational game for the strengthening of multiple intelligences. Uniandes EPISTEME , 7 (3), 422-436.

Ruiz, E. (2016). A whole world of emotions. Emotional education and well-being in Down syndrome. Madrid. CEPE .

Saquinga Alcaciega, MV (2016). The learning by discovery in the creativity of the students of the seventh year of basic education of the "Ernesto Bucheli" school of the Ambato canton, Tungurahua province (Bachelor's thesis, Technical University of Ambato. Faculty of Human Sciences and Education. Education career Basic).

Shearer, C. B., & Karanian, J. M. (2017). The neuroscience of intelligence: Empirical support for the theory of multiple intelligences?. Trends in neuroscience and education, 6, 211-223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tine.2017.02.002

Sulaiman, T., Abdurahman, A. R., & Rahim, S. S. A. (2010). Teaching strategies based on multiple intelligences theory among science and mathematics secondary school teachers. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 8, 512-518. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.12.070

Torres-Silva, L., & Díaz-Ferrer, J. (2021). Multiple intelligences in strengthening effective cooperative learning. IPSA Scientia, multidisciplinary scientific journal , 6 (1), 64-80.

Zambrano, Ángela V. H., Cantos, U. del C. C., & Chilan, Y. G. T. (2021). Methodological strategies for the development of multiple intelligences in tenth year students. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 8(6), 690-700. https://doi.org/10.21744/irjmis.v8n6.1971

Zou, F., Wang, L., Hei, X., & Chen, D. (2015). Teaching–learning-based optimization with learning experience of other learners and its application. Applied Soft Computing, 37, 725-736. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.asoc.2015.08.047



How to Cite

Álava, J. B. C., Vera, L. E. A., Tipán, V. F., & Pinargote, G. V. L. (2021). Teaching-learning methods and their influence on the development of multiple intelligences of initial education. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 8(6), 701-711. https://doi.org/10.21744/irjmis.v8n6.1970



Peer Review Articles