The role of clinical examination early diagnosis of glaucoma

https://doi.org/10.31295/ijhms.v4n3.1745

Authors

  • Nigora Nadjimovna Gaibullaeva Republican Clinical Ophthalmological Hospital, Tashkent, Republic of Uzbekistan

Keywords:

economic factors, epidemiological features, ethnic factors, geographic factors, irreversible blindness, primary glaucoma

Abstract

In the structure of the incidence of eye diseases leading to blindness, glaucoma occupies one of the leading places. According to the most recent World Health Organization estimates, about 314 million people worldwide have visual impairments, 45 million of whom are blind (90% of whom live in countries with low living standards). The actual extent of blindness and visual impairment is likely to exceed these indicators since detailed epidemiological information on some of its causes is still missing. That is why the issue of early diagnosis and timely treatment of this disease is relevant and despite numerous research studies, early diagnosis, the level of development, prevalence, and disability resulting from glaucoma remains significant. The problem is that in the early stages the disease is often asymptomatic and for this reason, ophthalmologists are more likely to experience glaucoma complications. Blindness as a phenomenon not only medical but also having deep social and economic significance, attracts attention not only at the medical but also at the state and even interstate level. To combat blindness from glaucoma, groups of specialists develop recommendations for diagnostic and therapeutic measures, conduct educational courses, and conferences to improve the skills of medical personnel.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Aznabaev, B.M., Zagidullina, A. Sh., & Aleksandrov, A.A. (2017). Microperimetry and morphometric parameters of the optic nerve head and macular region in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma. Ophthalmology , 14 (4), 341-346.

Cook, C., & Foster, P. (2012). Epidemiology of glaucoma: what's new?. Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, 47(3), 223-226. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcjo.2012.02.003

Flanagan, J. G. (1998). Glaucoma update: epidemiology and new approaches to medical management. Ophthalmic and Physiological Optics, 18(2), 126-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0275-5408(97)00108-7

García, B. B. B., Cedeño, H. A. C., Chica, T. K. M., & Ríos, Y. R. P. (2018). Characterization of Auditory Disability and Its Relation to the Resilience. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 5(2), 15-22.

Hirooka, K., Fujiwara, A., Shiragami, C., Baba, T., & Shiraga, F. (2012). Relationship between progression of visual field damage and choroidal thickness in eyes with normal?tension glaucoma. Clinical & experimental ophthalmology, 40(6), 576-582.

Iwase, A., Sawaguchi, S., & Araie, M. (2021). Differentiating Diagnosed and Undiagnosed Primary Angle-Closure Glaucoma and Open-Angle Glaucoma: A Population-Based Study. Ophthalmology Glaucoma. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ogla.2021.07.010

Kang, J. H., Loomis, S., Wiggs, J. L., Stein, J. D., & Pasquale, L. R. (2012). Demographic and geographic features of exfoliation glaucoma in 2 United States-based prospective cohorts. Ophthalmology, 119(1), 27-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2011.06.018

Kliuchnikova, A. A., Samokhina, N. I., Ilina, I. Y., Karpov, D. S., Pyatnitskiy, M. A., Kuznetsova, K. G., ... & Moshkovskii, S. A. (2016). Human aqueous humor proteome in cataract, glaucoma, and pseudoexfoliation syndrome. Proteomics, 16(13), 1938-1946.

Koh, V., Tham, Y. C., Tan, N. Y., Yu, M., Thakur, S., Teo, Z. L., ... & Cheng, C. Y. (2021). Six-Year Incidence and Risk Factors of Primary Glaucoma in the Singapore Indian Eye Study. Ophthalmology Glaucoma, 4(2), 201-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ogla.2020.09.004

Lima, V. C., Prata, T. S., De Moraes, C. G., Kim, J., Seiple, W., Rosen, R. B., ... & Ritch, R. (2010). A comparison between microperimetry and standard achromatic perimetry of the central visual field in eyes with glaucomatous paracentral visual-field defects. British journal of ophthalmology, 94(1), 64-67.

McMonnies, C. W. (2017). Glaucoma history and risk factors. Journal of optometry, 10(2), 71-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.optom.2016.02.003

Rosado, I. S. M., Ortega, J. M. P., Medranda, E. A., & Basurto, E. X. C. (2018). Teaching resilience to people with visual disabilities. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 5(1), 36-44.

Serdyukova, S. A., & Simakova, I. L. (2018). Computer perimetry in the diagnosis of primary open-angle glaucoma. Ophthalmology journal, 11(1), 54-65.

Shpak, A. A., Sevostyanova, M. K., Ogorodnikova, S. N., & Shormaz, I. N. (2012). Comparison of measurement error of Cirrus HD-OCT and Heidelberg Retina Tomograph 3 in patients with early glaucomatous visual field defect. Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 250(2), 271-277.

Stamper, R. L. (2011). A history of intraocular pressure and its measurement. Optometry and Vision Science, 88(1), E16-E28.

Tham, Y. C., Li, X., Wong, T. Y., Quigley, H. A., Aung, T., & Cheng, C. Y. (2014). Global prevalence of glaucoma and projections of glaucoma burden through 2040: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Ophthalmology, 121(11), 2081-2090. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2014.05.013

Trofimov, V. A., Nagibin, Y. T., & Siunov, A. D. (2017). Dual-Beam Pneumo-Optical Method For Noncontact Measurement Of Intraocular Pressure.

Vajaranant, T. S., Wu, S., Torres, M., & Varma, R. (2012). The changing face of primary open-angle glaucoma in the United States: demographic and geographic changes from 2011 to 2050. American journal of ophthalmology, 154(2), 303-314. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2012.02.024

Varma, R., Lee, P. P., Goldberg, I., & Kotak, S. (2011). An assessment of the health and economic burdens of glaucoma. American journal of ophthalmology, 152(4), 515-522. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2011.06.004

Ventura, A. S., Böhnke, M., & Mojon, D. S. (2001). Central corneal thickness measurements in patients with normal tension glaucoma, primary open angle glaucoma, pseudoexfoliation glaucoma, or ocular hypertension. British journal of ophthalmology, 85(7), 792-795.

Wong, T. Y., Tham, Y. C., Sabanayagam, C., & Cheng, C. Y. (2019). Patterns and risk factor profiles of visual loss in a multiethnic Asian population: the singapore epidemiology of eye diseases study. American journal of ophthalmology, 206, 48-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajo.2019.05.006

Published

2021-09-21

How to Cite

Gaibullaeva, N. N. (2021). The role of clinical examination early diagnosis of glaucoma. International Journal of Health & Medical Sciences, 4(3), 333-337. https://doi.org/10.31295/ijhms.v4n3.1745

Issue

Section

Peer Review Articles