The role of clinical examination early diagnosis of glaucoma
Keywords:economic factors, epidemiological features, ethnic factors, geographic factors, irreversible blindness, primary glaucoma
In the structure of the incidence of eye diseases leading to blindness, glaucoma occupies one of the leading places. According to the most recent World Health Organization estimates, about 314 million people worldwide have visual impairments, 45 million of whom are blind (90% of whom live in countries with low living standards). The actual extent of blindness and visual impairment is likely to exceed these indicators since detailed epidemiological information on some of its causes is still missing. That is why the issue of early diagnosis and timely treatment of this disease is relevant and despite numerous research studies, early diagnosis, the level of development, prevalence, and disability resulting from glaucoma remains significant. The problem is that in the early stages the disease is often asymptomatic and for this reason, ophthalmologists are more likely to experience glaucoma complications. Blindness as a phenomenon not only medical but also having deep social and economic significance, attracts attention not only at the medical but also at the state and even interstate level. To combat blindness from glaucoma, groups of specialists develop recommendations for diagnostic and therapeutic measures, conduct educational courses, and conferences to improve the skills of medical personnel.
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