Prevalence and characteristic of pediatric solid tumor in Sanglah Hospital Bali

https://doi.org/10.31295/ijhms.v4n3.1755

Authors

  • I Made Suwananta Department of Child Health, Medical Faculty of Udayana University, Sanglah Hospital Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Ketut Ariawati Department of Child Health, Medical Faculty of Udayana University, Sanglah Hospital Denpasar, Indonesia
  • A A N K P Widnyana Department of Child Health, Medical Faculty of Udayana University, Sanglah Hospital Denpasar, Indonesia
  • Kadek Ayu Yani Lastariana Department of Child Health, Medical Faculty of Udayana University, Sanglah Hospital Denpasar, Indonesia

Keywords:

hematology, hyperleukocytosis, pediatric, prevalence, retinoblastoma, solid tumor

Abstract

Tumor is one of major cause of mortality and morbidity in children and adolescents. Tumor is classified as hematologic and solid tumor. Solid tumors represent approximately 60-70% of all pediatric tumor where are hematologic showed 30-40% cases. Embryonic solid tumor has its peak incidence in childhood, otherwise bone and skeletal tumor in adolescent. There is still limited research about characteristics of solid tumor. To know about prevalence and characteristic of solid tumor in Sanglah Hospital. Retrospective study using secondary data from Pediatric Hematology Oncology division registry from 2016-2020. There were 92 solid tumor subjects with prevalence rate 38.6%. Among all of tumor in children and adolescent, 56.5% was found in ?5 years group of age with the highest prevalence rate was retinoblastoma. About 60.9% was male and 65.2% domiciled in Bali. Major clinical manifestation was palpable mass 77.2% and lymphadenopathy (29.3%). The most hematology problem was anemia (57.3%). The mortality rate was 32.6%, with brain metastases was major cause of death. The prevalence of solid tumor was 38.6%. Retinoblastoma was the most common case in children with range of age 0-5 years. Major clinical manifestation was palpable mass and lymphadenopathy. Anemia became major hematology problem in tumor patient.

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Published

2021-09-21

How to Cite

Suwananta, I. M., Ariawati, K., Widnyana, A. A. N. K. P., & Lastariana, K. A. Y. (2021). Prevalence and characteristic of pediatric solid tumor in Sanglah Hospital Bali. International Journal of Health & Medical Sciences, 4(3), 322-332. https://doi.org/10.31295/ijhms.v4n3.1755

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Peer Review Articles