Deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis use in traumatic brain injury patients in tropical climate

https://doi.org/10.21744/ijhms.v5n1.1840

Authors

  • Akbar Wido Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga – Dr. Soetomo Academic General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Abdul Hafid Bajamal Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga – Dr. Soetomo Academic General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Tedy Apriawan Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga – Dr. Soetomo Academic General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Arifin Parenrengi Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga – Dr. Soetomo Academic General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • Asra Al Fauzi Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Airlangga – Dr. Soetomo Academic General Hospital, Surabaya, Indonesia

Keywords:

deep vein thrombosis, prophylaxis, TBI, traumatic, tropical climate

Abstract

Deep Vein Trombosis (DVT) is one of the extracranial complications after TBI. Prophylaxis DVT using on TBI reduce incidence and mortality. Climate variants of an area affect the risk of DVT. UV ray increasing synthesis of vitamin D and lowering risk of thrombus fomation. A systematic review and meta-analysis we performed according PRISMA guidelines. A through literature search was conducted on PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane database. Total 3 publications match study criteria with 178 samples, without 144 samples and 34 samples with prophylaxis. The overall incidence is 5% (0-6.8%), without 6.25% (5.3-6.8%) and with prophylaxis 0%. No reported complications and 100% survival rate. The incidence of DVT in TBI in tropical climate is low on average 5% (0-6.8%). There was no difference in the outcome of DVT in TBI in tropical climate which given and without DVT prophylaxis. Asian races ethnic protective factor and UV ray exposure may contributed to the low of incidence rate.  Prevention of DVT is still recommended for the use of prophylaxis, mechanical compression and early mobilization in cases of TBI to prevent the occurrence of DVT.

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Published

2022-01-19

How to Cite

Wido, A., Bajamal, A. H., Apriawan, T., Parenrengi, M. A., & Al Fauzi, A. (2022). Deep vein thrombosis prophylaxis use in traumatic brain injury patients in tropical climate. International Journal of Health & Medical Sciences, 5(1), 67-74. https://doi.org/10.21744/ijhms.v5n1.1840

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Peer Review Articles

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