Human rabies epidemiology in Bali, Indonesia

  • Ketut Santhia Observer of Zoonotic Disease, Ex. Coordinator of BBVet Denpasar Virology Lab, Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health, Jakarta
  • Wayan Sudiasa Bali Provincial of Health Office
Keywords: epidemiology, rabies, dogs, humans, VAR

Abstract

Epidemiological studies against human rabies have been conducted in Bali using data were obtained from Bali Provincial of Health Office reporting system, and then the data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, the results show domestic dog are main vectors of human transmission while cats, monkeys, and bats do not play an important role in the spread of human rabies in Bali. Similarly, there is no indication of human to human transmission during the incubation period after dog bites and rabies victim treatment in hospital. The frequency and the number of dog bites are likely related to the highly of dogs population density in the residential sector in the region. Dog bite cases showed the highest in 2010 (24.4%) and are likely to increase following the frequency of cycle dog breeding season occurs in March, and then give birth in July when approaching the peak of the dry season in August, following the mating season in October and breeding season in March, so the next cycle of the breeding season in July and mating season in October.

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Published
2019-06-24
How to Cite
Santhia, K., & Sudiasa, W. (2019). Human rabies epidemiology in Bali, Indonesia. International Journal of Health & Medical Sciences, 2(1), 7-16. https://doi.org/10.31295/ijhms.v2n1.77
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Articles