Transesterification of vegetable oil of higuerilla (ricinuscommunis l) for biofuel generation and cost determination
The limited use of natural resources that are possessed, which implies endemic flora (shrubs, herbs, etc.) and production waste ( leaf litter, various plant fibers, cattle manure, poultry, etc.), which are stacked for later burning and consequently causing pollution to the environment, are some of the problems that are generated at the farm level. The objective of the research was to generate biofuel derived from the mixture of methanol, sodium hydroxide and fig oil in the Mis 2 Principitos del Comuna El Limón farm, Portoviejo canton. Within the methodology to produce biodiesel or biofuel through the transesterification process, castor oil obtained from the fig seed, methanol (methyl alcohol) and potassium hydroxide (KOH) (acid or catalyst) were used. By means of the transesterification in which 0.001 m3 of castor oil, 0.0001 m3 of methanol and 0.01 Kg of potassium hydroxide were used under conditions of an approximate temperature of 60 ° C and 40 rpm of agitation in the stirrer plate, it resulted in 0.001 m3 of biodiesel. Biodiesel can be generated from fig or castor oil, taking advantage of a biomass energy source, which can be used in pump engines for irrigation in farms.
Alexander, G. & Boyle, G. (2014). Introducing renewable energy. Cambridge: Oxford University Press.
Benavides, A., Benjumea, P., & Pashova, V. (2007). The biodiesel of fig oil as an alternative fuel for diesel engines. Dyna , 74 (153), 141-150.
Castro, M. (2011). Towards a diversified energy matrix in Ecuador. Quito: CEDA.
Cornejo, M. & Estrada, O. (2012). Characterization of fig oil of two wild varieties for the production of biodiesel in the Mezquital Valley region, Hidalgo. Chihuahua-Mexico: Technological University of the Mezquital Valley.
Ermayanti, N. G. A. M., Oka, I. G. L., Mahardika, I. G., & Suyadnya, I. P. (2016). Free testosterone level and quality of cauda epididymis sperm of local rabbit that given commercial feed supplemented by cod fish liver oil. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific Research, 2(3), 1-8.
Kammen, D. (2014). Taxonomy of renewable energy. Cleveland: Elsevier.
Paredes, J. R., Ramírez, C., & John, J. (2017). Variable Renewable Energies and Their Contribution to Energy Security: Complementarity in Colombia.
Rodriguez, M. & Vazquez, A. (2018). La enerrgía fotovoltaica en la provincia de Manabí. ISBN: 978-9942-948-20-5. Universidad Técnica de Manabí, Ediciones UTM-Unidad de Cooperación Universitaria. https://www.utm.edu.ec›index.php
Singh, D. (2016). Study of ethno-botanical flora of dakingari, kebbi state Nigeria, west tropical Africa. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific Research, 2(5), 17-28.
Vivas, F. E. V., Cuello, R. L. C., Macías, D. M., & Rosado, G. P. (2017). Elaboration of essential oil from the oregano for medicinal use sheet. International Journal of Physical Sciences and Engineering, 1(1), 81-87. https://doi.org/10.21744/ijpse.v1i1.22
WEC (2010). Survey of energy resources. London: World Energy Council.
Copyright (c) 2019 International journal of life sciences & earth sciences
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
All articles in the SLOAP Journals are published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA) which allows authors and users to copy, distribute, transmit and adapt the article. The Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License of an open-access article, as long as the author is properly attributed. Copyright on any research article published by SLOAP is retained by the author(s). Authors grant to the SLOAP right to publish the article, to be cited as its original publisher in case of reuse, and to distribute it in all forms and media. Copyright and source must be acknowledged and a link must be made to the article's DOI.