Learning model development to improve students’ oral communication skill

(a research and development study on english as a foreign language (EFL) subject in all junior high schools in north of lombok, west nusa tenggara province)


  • - Lukman Muhammadiyah Mataram University, Mataram-Indonesia
  • Ishak Abdulhak Indonesia University of Education, Bandung-Indonesia
  • Dinn Wahyudin Indonesia University of Education, Bandung-Indonesia


Lombok, Learning Model


The reality, students who have graduated from junior high schools do not achieve the learning quality as expected by the curriculum. The alumni of junior high schools still have the low oral communication skill in English. The problem of the present research was what learning model which can improve the students’ oral communication skill. The purpose of this research is to find a product in the form of learning model as an alternative learning model which can improve oral communication skill. The research approach used in this study was research and development by modifying the ten steps of research procedures into only three steps that are (1) preliminary study, (2) model development, and (3) model validation test. The participants of this study were the teachers and the students of the junior high schools in North of Lombok, Nusa Tenggara Barat. The data collection techniques used in this study such as observation, questionnaire, document study, and oral test. The collected data were analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively (statistical test). This research and development study produced a learning model that can be used to improve the English oral communication skill. That learning model consists of five learning steps, namely (1) the orientation phase, (2) the phase of using the command to direct behavior, (3) the phase of role reversal, (4) the phase of role independent practice, and (5) the phase of guided practice. After analyzing the data in the form score difference between pretest and posttest in the experimental group and the control group. It is concluded that the developed learning model effectively improved the junior high school students’ spoken communication skill when being compared with the conventional learning model that was usually used by the teacher. The developed learning model emphasizes the students’ activities in the learning process. It can be applied by the teacher through saying a word and demonstrating an act to represent its meaning without translating it into Indonesia Language, and asking the students to also demonstrate the word. After demonstrating the word, the students try to produce the oral language through the question and answer activities both independently and being guided by the teacher. Based on the findings, it is recommended for teachers, junior high school institutions, school committee, education department in local government, to utilize this learning model as an alternative model in learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL) in junior high schools.


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How to Cite

Lukman, .-., Abdulhak, I., & Wahyudin, D. (2016). Learning model development to improve students’ oral communication skill: (a research and development study on english as a foreign language (EFL) subject in all junior high schools in north of lombok, west nusa tenggara province). International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 2(2), 147-166. Retrieved from https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc/article/view/103



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