Teaching techniques and instructional media in presenting intercultural awareness in English class of primary school students


  • Fardini Sabilah English Department University of Muhammadiyah Malang-Indonesia


Primary School, Practice teachers, Instructional media, Teaching technique, Intercultural awareness


This current research was investigated the teaching technique and instructional media used by Practice Teachers of English class for Primary School students in presenting the intercultural awareness to the EYL students. The researchers chose to use a qualitative research design because it was intended to get the picture about the teaching technique and instructional media used to present the intercultural awareness of EYL course done by practice teachers in English Department of the University of Muhammadiyah Malang (so forth UMM). The descriptive research design was supported by the ethnographic approach in which the researchers took part intensively to the phenomenon being investigated. The data were the teaching techniques and instructional media used by the teachers in teaching within 10 meetings. The subjects were 36 teachers who observed in 9 times. The instrument used was an observation by conducting the video recording, note taking, and documentation. The findings showed that; 1) among all techniques evaluated, 16 of them had been used and immersed intercultural awareness in the material being taught and developed. There were 16 techniques applied by practice teachers in presenting the intercultural awareness. There were describing and explaining culture, experiencing the culture through language use, dialogues, skits, and mini-dramas, drama games, masks and puppets, role play and simulation, songs and dances, etc, 2) the instructional media used by practice teachers to support the teaching technique in presenting the intercultural awareness were 22 (twenty two) instructional media. They were; flashcard, videos and films, realia, puppets, big books, puzzle, picture card, power point, real things, stereofoam of fruit, magic quiz, and worksheet, etc.


Download data is not yet available.


Brumfit, C. (1997). The teacher as educational linguist. In Encyclopedia of language and education (pp. 163-172). Springer, Dordrecht.

Budden, B. R., & Budden, J. A. E. (1986). U.S. Patent No. 4,602,784. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

Cameron, L., & Deignan, A. (2006). The emergence of metaphor in discourse. Applied linguistics, 27(4), 671-690.

Claire, E. (1988). ESL teacher's activities kit. Parker Publishing Company.

Croft, D. J., & Hess, R. D. (1972). An Activities Handbook for Teachers of Young Children.

Cummins, J. (1979). Linguistic interdependence and the educational development of bilingual children. Review of educational research, 49(2), 222-251.

David, P. (2003). Teaching English to Children in Asia.

Doff, A. (1988). Teach English trainer's handbook: A training course for teachers (Vol. 2). Cambridge university press.

Fenner, A. B. (Ed.). (2001). Cultural awareness and language awareness based on dialogic interaction with texts in foreign language learning. Council of Europe.

Gromik, N. (2004). Windows movie maker in the English as a foreign language class. Innovate: Journal of Online Education, 1(1), 5.

Halliwell, S. (1992). Teaching English in the primary classroom. Longman.

Heinich, R., Molenda, M., & Russell, J. D. (1989). Instructional media and the new technologies of instruction. Macmillan.

Kramsch, C. (1993). Context and culture in language teaching. Oxford University Press.

Maba, W., & Mantra, I. B. N. (2017). An Analysis of Assessment Models Employed by The Indonesian Elementary School Teachers. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (IJSSH), 1(1), 39-45.

Mitchell, R., & Myles, F. (1998). Sociocultural perspectives on second language learning. Second language learning theories, 7, 144-162.

Öktem, Ö. (2000). The negative cross-cultural factors in acquiring proficiency in a foreign language. Basılmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi. Ankara.

Phillips, D., Burwood, S., & Dunford, H. (1999). Projects with young learners. Oxford University Press.

Rivers, W. M. (1981). Teaching foreign-language skills. University of Chicago Press, 5801 S. Ellis Ave., Chicago, IL 60637.

Rixon, S., & Council, B. (1999). Young learners of English: Some research perspectives. Longman.

S. Kasihani. K. E. (2000). Background Knowledge on EYL: Policy, Curriculum, Teacher and Students’ Characteristics. Unpublished Paper. State University: Malang.

Sabilah, F. (2016). Teaching Techniques and Instructional Media in Presenting Intercultural Awareness in English Class of Primary School Students. Journal of College and University. This is an open access article under the, 2455, 8028.

Sadiyani, N. W. (2018). Strategy of Improving Student Achievement in English Learning through Concentration Approach. International Journal of Physical Sciences and Engineering (IJPSE), 2(1), 47-56.

Scott, W. A., & Ytreberg, L. H. (1990). Teaching English to children. ^ eLondon London: Longman.

Stein, H. H., Shipley, C. F., & Easter, R. A. (1998). A technique for inserting a T-cannula into the distal ileum of pregnant sows. Journal of animal science, 76(5), 1433-1436.

Stern, H. H. (1983). Fundamental concepts of language teaching: Historical and interdisciplinary perspectives on applied linguistic research. Oxford University Press.

Suparsa, I. N., Mantra, I. B. N., & Widiastuti, I. A. M. S. (2017). Developing Learning Methods of Indonesian as a Foreign Language. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities (IJSSH), 1(2), 51-57.

Suyanto, K. K. (1997). Teaching English to young learners in Indonesia. The Development of TEFL in Indonesia. Malang: Penerbit IKIP Malang.

Turner, P. H. (1994). Child development and early education: Infancy through preschool. Allyn & Bacon.

Vrbová, L. (2006). Developing cultural awareness in ELT. Unpublished MA Thesis, University of Pardubice, Pardubice.

Weimer, M. (2012). Does powerpoint help or hinder learning. Faculty Focus.

Wright, A. (1989). Pictures for language learning. Cambridge University Press.



How to Cite

Sabilah, F. (2016). Teaching techniques and instructional media in presenting intercultural awareness in English class of primary school students. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 2(4), 112–121. Retrieved from https://sloap.org/journals/index.php/ijllc/article/view/146



Research Articles