Semantic deviation in Arabic and English proverbs of love

https://doi.org/10.21744/ijllc.v7n3.1486

Authors

  • Zahraa Abed Hashem M.A. Student, Department of English Language and Literature, College of Arts, Mustansiriyah University, Iraq
  • Thulfiqar Hussein Muhi Assistant Professor, Department of English Language and Literature, College of Arts, Mustansiriyah University, Iraq

Keywords:

cultural wisdom, didactic function , idiomatic expressions , proverbs , semantic deviation

Abstract

Proverbs are a type of idiomatic expressions that are commonly used in everyday spoken language. They concisely and figuratively summarize everyday experiences and common observations (Borowska, 2014). The proverbs of love often contain various stylistic features that are worthy of analysis. The present paper hypothesizes that semantic deviations in the Arabic and English proverbs of love facilitate pleasurable and enjoyable delivery of the didactic messages conveyed by these proverbs and maximize their persuasive effects. Semantic deviations (such as simile, metaphor, metonymy and synecdoche) represent an important type of stylistic deviation in proverbs because of their figurative features and aesthetic values. Such stylistic devices make the content of these proverbs more appealing the audience and maximize the persuasive effect of their contents. This study examined 50 proverbs of love (25 in each language) from stylistic perspective, based on the semantic deviation model developed by Leech (1969). The analysis showed that the extensive use of various types of semantic deviations maximize the persuasive effects, and eventually efficient transmission of cultural wisdom. Additionally, such deviations were found to reinforce and facilitates the pleasurable delivery of the didactic function of proverbs.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agyekum, K. (2021). Proverbs in Akan highlife lyrics: A case study of Alex Konadu's lyrics. Journal of Pragmatics, 174, 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pragma.2020.12.016

Aquilina, M. (2014). The Event of Style in Literature. UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Baldick, C. (2001). The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms. Published in the United States by Oxford University Press Inc., New York.

Borowska, A. (2014). Introduction to Paremiology: A Comprehensive Guide to Proverb Studies. Published by De Gruyter Open Ltd, Warsaw/Berlin.

Burke, M. (Ed.) The Routledge Handbook of Stylistics. London: Routledge.

Cruse, A. (2006). A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics. Edinburgh University Press.

Crystal, D. (2008). A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Oxford: Basil Blackwell. Sixth Edition.

Enkvist, N. E. (1985). Text and Discourse Linguistics, Rhetoric and Stylistics. In Van Dijk, T.(ed.). Discourse and Literature. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Groussard, M., Viader, F., Hubert, V., Landeau, B., Abbas, A., Desgranges, B., ... & Platel, H. (2010). Musical and verbal semantic memory: two distinct neural networks?. Neuroimage, 49(3), 2764-2773. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.10.039

Honeck, R. P. (1973). Interpretive versus structural effects on semantic memory. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 12(4), 448-455. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5371(73)80025-8

Karagiorgos, P. (1999). Greek and English Proverbs. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Lawal, A., Ajayi, B., & Raji, W. (1997). A pragmatic study of selected pairs of Yoruba proverbs. Journal of pragmatics, 27(5), 635-652. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0378-2166(96)00056-2

Leech, G. (1969). A Linguistic Guide to English Poetry. London: Longmans.

Li, X., & Shi, M. (2015). A Stylistic Study on the Linguistic Deviations in E. E. Cummings’ Poetry. Shanghai International Studies University, China.

Menninghaus, W., Bohrn, I. C., Knoop, C. A., Kotz, S. A., Schlotz, W., & Jacobs, A. M. (2015). Rhetorical features facilitate prosodic processing while handicapping ease of semantic comprehension. Cognition, 143, 48-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2015.05.026

Norrick, N. R. (1985). How Proverbs Mean: Semantic Studies in English Proverbs. Mouton Publishers Berlin. New york. Amsterdam. Kassel University.

Plett, H. F. (2010). Literary Rhetoric Concepts-Structures-Analyses. Leiden, Boston: Brill.

Prafitri, W., & Suhatmady, B. (2014). Semantic Deviation on William Blake`s Selected Poems. Universitas Mulawarman.

Stockwell, P., & Whiteley, S. (2014). The Cambridge Handbook of Stylistics. University of Nottingham and University of Sheffield. University Printing House, Cambridge CB2 8BS, United Kingdom.

Widayanti, S. R. (2014). A Stylistic Study of Language Deviation in Thomas Hardy Poem. Universitas Widya Dharma Klaten.

Published

2021-04-19

How to Cite

Hashem, Z. A., & Muhi, T. H. (2021). Semantic deviation in Arabic and English proverbs of love. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 7(3), 130-138. https://doi.org/10.21744/ijllc.v7n3.1486

Issue

Section

Research Articles