On the etymology and development of military terms in Chinese
Keywords:compound terms, differentiation of military concepts, military thinking, neologism, simple terms
It is known that the study of the terms remains one of the most relevant areas of modern linguistic researches conducted by Chinese and Uzbek scientists. In this article, the formation and development of terms, particularly those related to military art, has been studied. The emergence and development of military thinking in China was studied on the basis of valuable information provided in “The seven military classics of Ancient China”, written by Ralph D. Sawyer, a well-known U.S. orientalist and military historian. The original Chinese military terms were lexically and genetically analyzed in the texts taken from the wenyan version of Sun-zi’s “Art of war”, included in this collection. The original and modern military terms have been compared, the syllable structure and semantic differences between them have been analyzed. I.D. Klenin’s “Chinese-Russian military and technical dictionary” has been widely used during the study.
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