The stylistics analysis of the poem “raqeeb se, to the rival” by Faiz Ahmed Faiz
This study examines the stylistic construction of the poem Raqeeb se “To the Rival” from "Remonstrance" [Naqsh-e-Faryaadii], in which the study unsnarled various literary devices used by Faiz that reveals the style of the poet and aids in understanding the meaning of the text. The present study is comprehensive account of the content, style and the whole language system running in the poem achieved via close reading of the text. The stylistics is done under the aspect of graphological, grammatical, syntactical, phonological patterns. The study via stylistics reveals the pathos and bleakness immersed in the overall tone of the poem. The overarching theme that pervades through the first part of the poem and culminates into second, is sense of loss and deprivation, which the poet first feels for himself and then for the less privileged underclass. Since poetry of Faiz exposes the themes of ideology and power relations, political inequality, economical monopoly, social disorder, and how these conditions are created, imposed and put forwarded by particular power groups and some organized institutions. To answer these all questions, the study looks beyond the surface level and closely probe into the situations which are nurtured and developed over a time.
Bahri, S., Rusdiawan, -, & Nuriadi, -. (2018). Comparison of expression of God in poems written by Amir Hamzah, Chairil Anwar and Sutardji Calzoum Bachri. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 4(3), 64-71.
Crystal, D., & Davy, D. (1969). Investigating English style: David Crystal,... Derek Davy. London, Indiana University Press.
Fabb, N., Attridge, D., Durant, A., & MacCabe, C. M. (Eds.). (1987). The linguistics of writing: Arguments between language and literature. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Fowler, R. (1986). Linguistic criticism. Oxford University Press, USA.
Kinneavy, J. L. (1971). A theory of discourse: The aims of discourse.
Lutfi Hussein, A., & Ali Dawood, Z. (2018). Salient socio-stylistic traits of English and Arabic junior songs. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 4(4), 86-102. https://doi.org/10.21744/ijllc.v4n4.270
Rahman, B. (2018). The stylistics of text: wasiat renungan masa pengalaman baru. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(3), 149-155. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijssh.v2n3.225
Zaidi, A. (2016). The psychoanalytical reading of some selected poems of robert browning. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 2(4), 5-14.
Articles published in the International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture (IJLLC) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant IJLLC right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.
Articles published in IJLLC can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
This copyright notice applies to articles published in IJLLC volumes 6 onwards. Please read about the copyright notices for previous volumes under Journal History.