Pentahelix model application for tourism development strategy
This study discussed the application of the Pentahelix model in the development strategies of Toba Samosir tourism. The current research was conducted using a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. It aimed at exploring how stakeholder synergy in each formulation, as well as the development of tourism. Research data were collected through observation, interviews, literature review, and surveys. The results showed that the lack of synergy between stakeholders caused the low number of tourist visits. The government tends to assume that the stakeholders are the sole owner of the power so that the development of tourism has not been able to produce welfare, even, it tends to cause prolonged conflict within the community itself. Therefore, the current study proposes a vital step of pentahelix model, in which the government of local regency should have better synergy with stakeholders.
Basuki, A. (2016). Kebijakan pembangunan kepariwisataan. Malang: Intrans Publishing.
Blumer, H. (1969). Symbolic interactionism: Perspective and method. Berkeley.
Brata, I. B., & Pemayun, A. G. P. (2018). Human Resource Competency Tourism Bali together with ASEAN Economic Community. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 5(2), 186-194.
Efriza, K. P. (2016). Perkembangan Konsep. Analisis dan Kritik, Malang: Intrans Publishing.
Fanggidae, J. P. (2019). Relationships between advertising value and dimensions of advertising. The International Journal of Social Sciences World (TIJOSSW), 1(01), 48-57.
Gramsci, A. (2009). Literatura y vida nacional. Las cuarenta.
Hamalik, O. (1978). Travel & Tour Asas-Metode-Teknik.
Hornby, G., Brunetto, Y., & Jennings, G. (2008). The Role of Inter-Organizational Relationships in Tourism Operators' Participation in Destination Marketing Systems. Journal of Hospitality & Leisure Marketing, 17(1-2), 184-215. https://doi.org/10.1080/10507050801978448
Kellner, D. (2003). Media culture: Cultural studies, identity and politics between the modern and the post-modern. Routledge.
Nurdiyansah (2014). Peluang dan Tantangan Pariwisata Indonesia. Bandung Alfabeta.
Nurmalia (2018). Strategi Pengembangan Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah (Umkm) dengan Model Penta Helix (Studi pada UMKM Sentra Bordir dan Konfeksi Desa Padurenan Kecamatan Gebog Kabupaten Kudus).
Pitana, I. Gde dan I Ketut Surya Diarta. 2009. Pengantar Ilmu Pariwisata.
Poloma, M. M. (1984). Contemporary Sociology: A. Contemporary Sociology, 42, 3.
Prajogo, D. I. (2006). The relationship between innovation and business performance—a comparative study between manufacturing and service firms. Knowledge and process management, 13(3), 218-225. https://doi.org/10.1002/kpm.259
Prajogo, T., Al-Bender, F., & Van Brussel, H. (1995). Identification of pre-rolling friction dynamics of rolling element bearings: modelling and application to precise positioning systems. In Proceedings of the 8th International Precision Engineering Seminar (pp. 229-232).
Ritzer, G. (2014). The “Sharing” Economy, Uber, and the Triumph of Neo-Liberalism. George Ritzer, available at: https://georgeritzer. wordpress. com/2014/11/05/the-sharingeconomy-uber-and-the-triumph-of-neo-liberalism.(accessed April 4, 2015).
Sedarmayanti, H. J. (2014). Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia, Reformasi Birokrasi, Dan Manajemen Negeri Sipil. Seventh Printing. Bandung: Refika Aditama.
Siregar, D., Nurdiyanto, H., Sriadhi, S., Suita, D., Khair, U., Rahim, R., ... & Siahaan, A. P. U. (2018, June). Multi-Attribute Decision Making with VIKOR Method for Any Purpose Decision. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1019, No. 1, p. 012034). IOP Publishing.
Strozier, C. B., & Offer, D. (Eds.). (2013). The leader: Psychohistorical essays. Springer Science & Business Media.
Suniastha Amerta, I. M. (2017). The role of tourism stakeholders at Jasri tourism village development, Karangasem regency. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 1(2), 20-28. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijssh.v1n2.32
Suyanto, B. (2015). Metode Penelitian Sosial: Berbagai Alternatif Pendekatan. Prenada Media.
Copyright (c) 2020 International journal of linguistics, literature and culture
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Articles published in the International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture (IJLLC) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant IJLLC right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.
Articles published in IJLLC can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
This copyright notice applies to articles published in IJLLC volumes 6 onwards. Please read about the copyright notices for previous volumes under Journal History.