The monoculture of corn (zea mayz) and its impact on fertility soil
Keywords:alkalinity, corn, fertility, monoculture, organic matter
The study determines the impact of corn monocultures on soil fertility, based on a rural corn farm located in the Jipijapa canton. The problem lies in the monocultures of corn as an agricultural activity in the San Bembe community, which causes a deterioration in the fertility of agricultural soils. An experimental field methodology was applied by taking several soil samples to determine macro and micronutrient content, pH, textural class of the soils, moisture content, etc. Low values were obtained in the content of organic matter of the soils, and nutrients such as phosphorus, particularly. It was possible to conclude that the levels of organic matter and phosphorus are very low, which constitutes an indicator of degradation of these soils, and low absorption of nitrogen in the corn leaves that affects the development of the grass.
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