Depression and anxiety in learning of children and adolescents


  • Mayra Patricia Santana Moreira Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Portoviejo, Manabí, Ecuador
  • Luis Alberto Vera Espinoza Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Portoviejo, Manabí, Ecuador
  • Freddy Daniel Magallanes Manzaba Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Portoviejo, Manabí, Ecuador
  • Ligia Lisseth Resabala Chávez Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador, Portoviejo, Manabí, Ecuador


anxiety, depression, psychological disorders, teaching-learning process


The purpose of the research is to analyze the impact that psychological disorders such as depression and anxiety have on the education of children and adolescents. This subject is valued in the educational field where the need arises to know the different causes and consequences of this problem to carry out educational practices according to the needs of the students. Several scientific theories obtained through the documentary bibliographic review are exposed, making comparisons based on opinions from different reliable sources, applying the qualitative approach, allowing relationships between different areas from the macro to what happened at the national level and the local context where the events take place students. The results determined the importance of communication between the family of students with depression and anxiety with the educational community, to jointly plan actions for the benefit of students.


Download data is not yet available.


Agudelo, D., Casadiegos, C., & Sánchez, D. (2008). Characteristics of anxiety and depression in university students. International Journal of Psychological Research, 34-39. Retrieved February 19, 2021, from

Andrés, M., Juric, L., Castañeiras, C., & Richaud, M. (2016 ). Relationships of emotional regulation and personality with anxiety and depression in children. Advances in Latin American Psychology ,, 34(1), 99-115. Obtained from

Arias, F. (2006). The research project. Episteme, 6, 9-43. Retrieved from

Ballesteros, M., & Sarmiento, J. (2012). Anxiety disorders in children and adolescents. Revista Vanguardia Psicológica Clínica Teórica y Practica, 3(2), 184-195. Obtained from

Beck, A., Rush, J., Shaw, B., & Emery, G. (2003). Cognitive Therapy. Psychology Library, 1-16. Obtained from www.copiados2F%F2% 2Fpv00520% 2FGuia% 2520Beck% 2520depresion.pdf & usg = AOvVaw2L6gwi3Y95dw4fFrQF7xn4

Calderón, C. (2019). Prevalence of school refusal in secondary education and its relationship with psychoeducational variables. RUA, 265. Obtained from

Cassano, P., & Fava, M. (2002). Depression and publichealth: an overview. journal of psychosomatic research, 53, 849-857. Retrieved from

Faravelli, C., Scarpato, M. A., Castellini, G., & Sauro, C. L. (2013). Gender differences in depression and anxiety: the role of age. Psychiatry research, 210(3), 1301-1303.

Flores, R., Jiménez, S., Pérez, S., Ramírez, P., & Vega, C. (2007). Depression and Anxiety in Students. Electronic Journal of Psychology Iztacala, 10(2), 94-105. Obtained from

Forcadell, L., Fullana, M., Lázaro, L., & Lera, S. (29 de 01 de 2019). What is anxiety? Obtained from Clinic Barcelona Hospital University:

Gómez, C., & Rodríguez, N. (1997). Risk factors associated with depressive syndrome in the Colombian population. Colombian Journal of Psychiatry, 26(1), 23-35. Retrieved from

Gomez, L. (2010). A space for documentary research. Revista Vanguardia Psicológica Clínica Teórica y Practica, 1(2), 226-233. Obtained from

Hernández, R., Fernández, C., & Baptista, M. (2014). Research methodology (Sixth edition ISBN: 978-1-4562-2396-0 ed., Vol. 6). (ES México, Ed.) Mexico: MacGraw Hill Education Editions. Interamerican.

Javnbakht, M., Kenari, R. H., & Ghasemi, M. (2009). Effects of yoga on depression and anxiety of women. Complementary therapies in clinical practice, 15(2), 102-104.

Kroenke, K., Spitzer, R. L., Williams, J. B., & Löwe, B. (2009). An ultra-brief screening scale for anxiety and depression: the PHQ–4. Psychosomatics, 50(6), 613-621.

Kurki, T., Hiilesmaa, V., Raitasalo, R., Mattila, H., & Ylikorkala, O. (2000). Depression and anxiety in early pregnancy and risk for preeclampsia. Obstetrics & Gynecology, 95(4), 487-490.

Moreno, J., Escobar, A., Vera, A., Calderón, T., & Villamizar, L. (2009). Association between depression and academic performance in a group of children from the town of Usaquén. Psychology. Discipline Advances, 3(1), 131-156. Retrieved from

Morla, B., Saad de Janon, E., & Saad, J. (2006). Depression in adolescents and family breakdown in the city of Guayaquil, Ecuador. Colombian Journal of Psychiatry, 35(2), 149-166. Obtained from

Navarro, M. (2004). Depression in children with attention deficit disorder. Reflections Magazine, 83(1), 1021-1209. Obtained from

Ospina, F., Hinestrosa, M., Paredes , MG, & Granados, C. (2011). Symptoms of anxiety and depression in school adolescents aged 10 to 17 years in Chía, Colombia. SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online, 13(6), 908-920. Retrieved from

Pardo, G., Sandoval, A., & Umbarila, D. (2004). Adolescence and depression. Colombian Journal of Psychology, 13, 13-28. Obtained from

Pérez, M., & Urquijo, S. (2001). Depression in adolescents. Relations with academic performance. School and Educational Psychology, 5(1), 49-58. Obtained from

Roca, E. (2012). Beck's Cognitive Therapy for depression. Psychology Library, 1-12. Obtained from

Salazar, Y. (2018). Sociodemographic characterization of children with specific learning disorders. Ibero-American Journal of Psychology: Science and Technology, 12(2), 1-8. Obtained from

Sampieri, R., Collado, C., Lucio, P., Valencia, S., & Torres, C. (1998). Investigation methodology. Mexico, DF: Mcgraw-hill, 1, 233-426. Obtained from

Sandin, B., & Valiente, P. (2009). Evaluation of symptoms of anxiety and depression disorders in children and adolescents. Journal of Psychopathology and Clinical Psychology, 14(3), 193-206. Obtained from

Skouteris, H., Wertheim, E. H., Rallis, S., Milgrom, J., & Paxton, S. J. (2009). Depression and anxiety through pregnancy and the early postpartum: an examination of prospective relationships. Journal of affective disorders, 113(3), 303-308.

Spoormaker, V. I., & van den Bout, J. (2005). Depression and anxiety complaints; relations with sleep disturbances. European psychiatry, 20(3), 243-245.

Vargas, C., Villareal, K., Guevara, C., & Andrade, M. (2014). Depression and anxiety in university students. Journal of Psychology and Behavioral Sciences., 5(1), 36-44. Obtained from

WHO. (March 30, 2018). Mental health: strengthening our response. Obtained from the World Health Organization:



How to Cite

Moreira, M. P. S., Espinoza, L. A. V., Manzaba, F. D. M., & Chávez, L. L. R. (2021). Depression and anxiety in learning of children and adolescents. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific Research, 7(4), 107-115.



Research Articles