General radiographic patient dose monitoring using conformity test data
Keywords:conformity test data, dosage monitoring, entrance surface air kerma (ESAK), entrance surface dose (ESD), radiographic, X-ray
Currently, the Nuclear Energy Supervisory Agency (BAPETEN) is actively guiding users or license holders related to patient protection against radiation hazards or often referred to as radiation protection and safety on medical exposure. Protection against medical exposure became a big issue when the mandatory compliance test on X-ray equipment for diagnostic and interventional radiology was introduced. In addition, license holders through their medical practitioners are also required to use the level of medical exposure guidelines. While PERKA BAPETEN No. 9, 2011 concerning the Suitability Test of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology X-Ray device, states that one of the test parameters that directly affect the patient's radiation dose and determine the feasibility of operating the X-Ray device to the patient is information on the dose or rate of radiation dose received by the patient. Monitoring doses with Entrance Surface Air Kerma (ESAK) or what is often referred to as ESD (entrance surface dose) using suitability conformity test data starting from 50,60,70,80,90 and 100 kVp with 20 mAs at SID 100 meters. The results of the research on the value of ESAK was 0.049 mGy, an ESAK value that still met the national I-DRL value from BAPETEN Regulation No. 1211/K/V/2021.
Adler, A., Carlton, R., & Wold, B. (1992). A comparison of student radiographic reject rates. Radiologic technology, 64(1), 26-32.
Akhadi, M. (2000). Basics of Radiation Protection. Jakarta: Rineka Reserved.
Bonello, L., Camoin-Jau, L., Armero, S., Com, O., Arques, S., Burignat-Bonello, C., ... & Paganelli, F. (2009). Tailored clopidogrel loading dose according to platelet reactivity monitoring to prevent acute and subacute stent thrombosis. The American journal of cardiology, 103(1), 5-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2008.08.048
Costa, A. M., & Pelegrino, M. S. (2014). Evaluation of entrance surface air kerma from exposure index in computed radiography. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 104, 198-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2014.05.005
de Oliveira, E. C., & Lourenço, F. R. (2021). Data reconciliation applied to the conformity assessment of fuel products. Fuel, 300, 120936. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuel.2021.120936
Gabbert, F., Memon, A., & Wright, D. B. (2007). I saw it for longer than you: The relationship between perceived encoding duration and memory conformity. Acta psychologica, 124(3), 319-331. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2006.03.009
Horner, K., & Devlin, H. (1998). The relationship between mandibular bone mineral density and panoramic radiographic measurements. Journal of dentistry, 26(4), 337-343. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0300-5712(97)00020-1
Porto, L., Lunelli, N., Paschuk, S., Oliveira, A., Ferreira, J. L., Schelin, H., ... & Khoury, H. (2014). Evaluation of entrance surface air kerma in pediatric chest radiography. Radiation Physics and Chemistry, 104, 252-259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radphyschem.2014.02.014
Proost, J. H., & Meijer, D. K. (1992). MW/Pharm, an integrated software package for drug dosage regimen calculation and therapeutic drug monitoring. Computers in biology and medicine, 22(3), 155-163. https://doi.org/10.1016/0010-4825(92)90011-B
Putra, I. K. ., Ratnawati, G. A. A. ., & Sutapa, G. N. . (2020). Monitoring of patients using radiodiagnostic dosage EI (Exposure Index) on CR (Computed Radiography). International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific Research, 6(6), 45-49.
Ratnawati, I. G. A. A., Suandayani, N. K. T., & Sutapa, G. N. (2019). The Linearity of X-ray Devices Radiation Output and Its Relationship with Patient Thickness. International Journal of Physical Sciences and Engineering, 3(3), 1-6.
Ribeiro, L. A., & Yoshimura, E. M. (2008). Entrance surface dose measurements in pediatric radiological examinations. Radiation measurements, 43(2-6), 972-976. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radmeas.2007.11.059
Rusmanto, T. (2016). Do audit firm size and their services matter on auditor independence: A Case of Indonesia. Journal of Business Studies Quarterly, 7(3), 1.
Sherrick, A. D., Brown, L. R., Harms, G. F., & Myers, J. L. (1994). The radiographic findings of fibrosing mediastinitis. Chest, 106(2), 484-489. https://doi.org/10.1378/chest.106.2.484
Sikumbang, A. S. (2018). Analysis of Radiation Doses on Mobile X-rays of Emergency Patients in the ICU Room. University of North Sumatra, Medan.
Suandayani, N. K. T., Sutapa, G. N., & Kasmawan, I. G. A. (2020). Quality control of X-rays with collimator and the beam alignment test tool. International Journal of Physical Sciences and Engineering, 4(3), 7-15.
Suryatika, I. B. M., Sutapa, G. N., & Kasmawan, I. G. A. (2019). Radiology patient dosage monitoring for local diagnostic reference level. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific Research, 5(5), 26-31.
Susilo, S., & Setiowati, L. (2012). Application of Digital Radiography Tools in Photorontgen Service Development. Journal of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, State University of Semarang, 35(2), 145-150.
Sutapa, G. N., Yuliara, I. M., & Ratini, N. N. (2018). Verification of dosage and radiation delivery time breast cancer (Mammae Ca) with ISIS TPS. International journal of health sciences, 2(2), 78-88.
Vassileva, S. (2004). Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus. Clinics in dermatology, 22(2), 129-138.
Wilks, R. J. (1987). Principles of radiological physics. Churchill Livingstone.
Winkler, N. T. (1976, March). Quality control in diagnostic radiology. In Application of Optical Instrumentation in Medicine IV (Vol. 70, pp. 125-131). International Society for Optics and Photonics.
Yoo, W. J., Jeon, D., Seo, J. K., Shin, S. H., Han, K. T., Youn, W. S., ... & Lee, B. (2013). Development of a scintillating fiber-optic dosimeter for measuring the entrance surface dose in diagnostic radiology. Radiation measurements, 48, 29-34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radmeas.2012.11.001
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 International research journal of engineering, IT & scientific research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Articles published in the International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific research (IRJEIS) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant IRJEIS right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.
Articles published in IRJEIS can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
This copyright notice applies to articles published in IRJEIS volumes 6 onwards. Please read about the copyright notices for previous volumes under Journal History.