Evaluation of mechanical risks in the labor activities of washing and lubricating vehicles
Keywords:health, lubricating vehicles, prevention, risks, safety
This research is based on occupational risk factors to Those to which workers are exposed in vehicle washers and lubricators, risk components that correspond to a current problem where working conditions and various risk factors related to work in this type of activity are identified. The same that can generate accidents or occupational diseases. Likewise, the need to take actions aimed at the prevention of this type of risk was seen, whose main objective was to identify, evaluate and propose a prevention plan, research that was carried out on two jobs, using the methodology of: Willian T Fine. Where we proceeded with the direct observation of the jobs, taking photographs and filming, which allowed the application of the method. The results showed high levels of risk in both activities, both washing and lubricating vehicles. This research instructs how primary actions can be carried out aimed at the prevention of occupational risks.
Ali, I., Kucherova, A., Memetov, N., Pasko, T., Ovchinnikov, K., Pershin, V., ... & Tkachev, A. (2019). Advances in carbon nanomaterials as lubricants modifiers. Journal of Molecular Liquids, 279, 251-266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molliq.2019.01.113
Berbegal, J., & Canntonet, M. L. (2014). Towards servitization in the management of occupational safety. Intangible Capital, 10(2), 317-341.
Carrera-Rodríguez, M., Villegas-Alcaraz, J. F., Salazar-Hernández, C., Mendoza-Miranda, J. M., Jiménez-Islas, H., Hernández, J. G. S., ... & Juarez-Rios, H. (2022). Monitoring of oil lubrication limits, fuel consumption, and excess CO2 production on civilian vehicles in Mexico. Energy, 257, 124765. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2022.124765
Collado, S. (2008). Occupational Risk Prevention: principles and regulatory framework. Journal of Business Management and Administration. Number 15. p. 96.
Constituent Assembly of Ecuador. (2008). Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador. Ecuador.
Croccolo, D., De Agostinis, M., & Vincenzi, N. (2012). Influence of tightening procedures and lubrication conditions on titanium screw joints for lightweight applications. Tribology International, 55, 68-76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2012.05.010
Farr, J. P. G. (1975). Molybdenum disulphide in lubrication. A review. Wear, 35(1), 1-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/0043-1648(75)90137-4
IESS. (1986). Executive Decree 2393. Safety and Health Regulations for workers and improvement of the work environment. Ecuadorian Institute of Social Security, Ecuador. Retrieved from https://www.prosigma.com.ec/pdf/nlegal/Decreto-Ejecutivo2393.pdf
ILO. (September 17, 2021). Nearly 2 million people die each year from work-related causes. Retrieved from https://www.who.int/en/news/item/16-09-2021-who-ilo-almost-2-million-people-die-from-work-related-causes-each-year
Litardo, J., Palme, M., Borbor-Córdova, M., Caiza, R., Macías, J., Hidalgo-León, R., & Soriano, G. (2020). Urban Heat Island intensity and buildings' energy needs in Duran, Ecuador: Simulation studies and proposal of mitigation strategies. Sustainable cities and society , 62 , 102387.
Mohammed, R. R., Ibrahim, I. A., Taha, A. H., & McKay, G. (2013). Waste lubricating oil treatment by extraction and adsorption. Chemical Engineering Journal, 220, 343-351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cej.2012.12.076
Pinos, L. (2017). Psychosocial factors in occupational risk management. Journal of Security and Defense Sciences, II(1).
Qamar, Z., Khan, S., Khan, A., Aamir, M., Nawab, J., & Waqas, M. (2017). Appraisement, source apportionment and health risk of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in vehicle-wash wastewater, Pakistan. Science of the Total Environment, 605, 106-113. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.06.152
Ra?i?, A., ?alija, B., Mili?, J., Milašinovi?, N., & Krajišnik, D. (2019). Development of polysaccharide-based mucoadhesive ophthalmic lubricating vehicles: The effect of different polymers on physicochemical properties and functionality. Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology, 49, 50-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jddst.2018.10.034
Real-Perez, GL, Marrero, NH, Regueira-Lezcano, MD, & Avila, AAH (2019). Assessment of work and rest regimens. Case study: Varadero (Cuba). Tourism and Society Yearbook , (24), 149-160.
Ren, T., & Feng, M. (2017). Anti-shock characteristics of water lubricated bearing for fuel cell vehicle air compressor. Tribology International, 107, 56-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2016.11.016
Salmeron, G. C., Leckner, J., Schwack, F., Westbroek, R., & Glavatskih, S. (2022). Greases for electric vehicle motors: Thickener effect and energy saving potential. Tribology International, 167, 107400. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2021.107400
Santiana, I. M. A., Wibawa, I. G. S., Yasa, I. M. T., Suasira, I. W., & Sutapa, I. K. (2022). Factors caused for delays and alternatives in the Denpasar living world mall building project. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific Research, 8(6), 299-305. https://doi.org/10.21744/irjeis.v8n6.2209
Sierra, E. (2015). Prevention of occupational risks and especially sensitive workers. Holder of Labor Law and Social Security. Public University of Navarra.
Subtil, E. L., Rodrigues, R., Hespanhol, I., & Mierzwa, J. C. (2017). Water reuse potential at heavy-duty vehicles washing facilities–the mass balance approach for conservative contaminants. Journal of cleaner production, 166, 1226-1234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2017.08.162
Sutapa, I. N., Santiana, I. M. A., Wibawa, I. G. S., Sudiasa, I. W., & Sutapa, I. K. (2022). Analysis of labor productivity level and time performance satisfaction in the SMAN 10 Denpasar development project. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific Research, 8(4), 121-131. https://doi.org/10.21744/irjeis.v8n4.2142
Taylor, G., Easte, K., & Hegney, R. (2008). Improved health and safety at work. Journal of the Spanish Society of Occupational Medicine and Safety, Volume 3, 1, 1699-5031.
Velasquez, C., Real, G., Chavez, A., Litardo, R., & Zambrano, D. (2018). Occupational Health and Safety Prevention Plan in Water Treatment Plant. International Journal of Life Sciences, Volume 2(Issue 3), 1-12.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 International research journal of engineering, IT & scientific research
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Articles published in the International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific research (IRJEIS) are available under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No Derivatives Licence (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0). Authors retain copyright in their work and grant IRJEIS right of first publication under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users have the right to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles in this journal, and to use them for any other lawful purpose.
Articles published in IRJEIS can be copied, communicated and shared in their published form for non-commercial purposes provided full attribution is given to the author and the journal. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
This copyright notice applies to articles published in IRJEIS volumes 6 onwards. Please read about the copyright notices for previous volumes under Journal History.