Teaching strategies and technology integration in developing blended learning of applied mathematics subject

  • I Gede Made Karma Politeknik Negeri Bali, Badung, Indonesia https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3837-5345
  • I Ketut Darma Politeknik Negeri Bali, Badung, Indonesia
  • I Made Anom Santiana Politeknik Negeri Bali, Badung, Indonesia
Keywords: applied mathematics, blended learning, curriculum design, learning strategies, technology integration


Applied Mathematics is a basic skill that determines the success of students in pursuing their education in the Department of Mechanical Engineering. Besides having to understand concepts and be able to solve cases according to the topics taught, students are also required to be able to solve mathematical engineering problems in the application of mechanical engineering. This makes it a difficult subject for the majority of students. This difficulty is overcome by applying blended learning. This is done by integrating curriculum design with strategy and use of learning technology so that innovation and teaching excellence are formed to support the learning process of students. Learning strategies that can be applied include explanations of concepts, problem-based learning, problem-solving and case discussions. This learning strategy is supported by multimedia technology and internet-based, namely video tutorials, discussion of material and examples of online-based cases and online discussion forums. The process of face-to-face learning in class is still being carried out. The key to the success of this learning lies in the ability to create interactions between students and fellow students, with teachers, with the community, with the material with the use of existing technology.


Download data is not yet available.


Alkhalaf, S., Drew, S., AlGhamdi, R., & Alfarraj, O. (2012). E-learning system on higher education institutions in KSA: Attitudes and perceptions of faculty members. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 47, 1199-1205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.06.800

Alonso, F., López, G., Manrique, D., & Viñes, J. M. (2005). An instructional model for web‐based e‐learning education with a blended learning process approach. British Journal of educational technology, 36(2), 217-235. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8535.2005.00454.x

Alonso, F., López, G., Manrique, D., & Viñes, J. M. (2005). An instructional model for web‐based e‐learning education with a blended learning process approach. British Journal of educational technology, 36(2), 217-235. https://doi.org/doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8535.2005.00454.x

Altbach, P. G., & Knight, J. (2007). The internationalization of higher education: Motivations and realities. Journal of studies in international education, 11(3-4), 290-305. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1028315307303542

Azizan, F. Z. (2010). Blended learning in higher education institution in Malaysia. In Proceedings of regional conference on knowledge integration in ICT (Vol. 2010, pp. 454-466).

Bailey, J., Martin, N., Schneider, C., Vander Ark, T., Duty, L., Ellis, S., ... & Terman, A. (2013). Blended learning implementation guide 2.0. DIGITAL SHIFT.

Bower, M., Dalgarno, B., Kennedy, G. E., Lee, M. J., & Kenney, J. (2015). Design and implementation factors in blended synchronous learning environments: Outcomes from a cross-case analysis. Computers & Education, 86, 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2015.03.006

Cohen, D. (1998). Chronicle of Higher Education. The Women's Review of Books, 15(5), 27-27.

Czerkawski, B. C., & Lyman, E. W. (2016). An instructional design framework for fostering student engagement in online learning environments. TechTrends, 60(6), 532-539.

Ellis, R., & Goodyear, P. (2013). Students' experiences of e-learning in higher education: the ecology of sustainable innovation. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203872970

Evans, C. (2008). The effectiveness of m-learning in the form of podcast revision lectures in higher education. Computers & education, 50(2), 491-498. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2007.09.016

Friesen, N. (2012). Report: Defining blended learning. Learning Space.

Garrison, D. R., & Vaughan, N. D. (2008). Blended learning in higher education: Framework, principles, and guidelines. John Wiley & Sons.

George‐Walker, L. D., & Keeffe, M. (2010). Self‐determined blended learning: a case study of blended learning design. Higher Education Research & Development, 29(1), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1080/07294360903277380

Ginaya, G., Rejeki, I. N. M., & Astuti, N. N. S. (2018). The effects of blended learning to students’ speaking ability. International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Culture, 4(3), 1-14.

Graham, C. R. (2011). Blended Learning Models. In Encyclopedia of Information Science and Technology, Second Edition. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-60566-026-4.ch063

Graham, C. R., & Dziuban, C. D. (2008). Blended Learning Environments. Handbook of Research on Educational Communications and Technology. https://doi.org/10.1080/02652030701883203

Hoic-Bozic, N., Mornar, V., & Boticki, I. (2008). A blended learning approach to course design and implementation. IEEE transactions on education, 52(1), 19-30.

Johnson, S. D., & Aragon, S. R. (2003). An instructional strategy framework for online learning environments. New directions for adult and continuing education, 2003(100), 31-43. https://doi.org/10.1002/ace.117

Kiviniemi, M. T. (2014). Effects of a blended learning approach on student outcomes in a graduate-level public health course. BMC medical education, 14(1), 47.

Laurillard, D. (2005). E-learning in higher education. In Changing higher education (pp. 87-100). Routledge.

Mahayukti, G. A., Gita, I. N., Suarsana, I. M., & Hartawan, I. G. N. Y. (2017). The effectiveness of self-assessment toward understanding the mathematics concept of junior school students. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific Research, 3(6), 116-124.

Mahendra, I. W. E. (2016). Contextual learning approach and performance assessment in mathematics learning. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 3(3), 7-15.

Moskal, P., Dziuban, C., & Hartman, J. (2013). Blended learning: A dangerous idea?. The Internet and Higher Education, 18, 15-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2012.12.001

Ozkan, S., & Koseler, R. (2009). Multi-dimensional students’ evaluation of e-learning systems in the higher education context: An empirical investigation. Computers & Education, 53(4), 1285-1296. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2009.06.011

Pande, D., Wadhai, V. M., & Thakare, V. M. (2016). E-learning system and higher education. International Journal of Computer Science and Mobile Computing, 5(2), 274-280.

Pina, AB (2004). Blended learning. Basic concepts. Pixel-Bit Media and education magazine , (23), 7-20.

Porter, W. W., Graham, C. R., Spring, K. A., & Welch, K. R. (2014). Blended learning in higher education: Institutional adoption and implementation. Computers & Education, 75, 185-195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2014.02.011

Rennie, F., & Morrison, T. (2013). E-learning and social networking handbook: Resources for higher education. Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203120279

Samarawickrema, G., & Stacey, E. (2007). Adopting Web‐Based Learning and Teaching: A case study in higher education. Distance education, 28(3), 313-333. https://doi.org/10.1080/01587910701611344

Sanchez, S. M. M., & Garcia, E. K. M. (2019). Human resource development in Faculty of Physical and Chemical Mathematical Sciences. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 3(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijssh.v3n1.242

Sife, A., Lwoga, E., & Sanga, C. (2007). New technologies for teaching and learning: Challenges for higher learning institutions in developing countries. International journal of education and development using ICT, 3(2), 57-67.

Singh, H. (2003). Building effective blended learning programs. Educational Technology-Saddle Brook Then Englewood Cliffs NJ-, 43(6), 51-54.

Stockwell, B. R., Stockwell, M. S., Cennamo, M., & Jiang, E. (2015). Blended learning improves science education. Cell, 162(5), 933-936. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2015.08.009

Subramanian, R. M. (2016). The role of e-learning, the advantages and disadvantages of its adoption in Higher Education. Tamilnadu.

Sun, P. C., Tsai, R. J., Finger, G., Chen, Y. Y., & Yeh, D. (2008). What drives a successful e-Learning? An empirical investigation of the critical factors influencing learner satisfaction. Computers & education, 50(4), 1183-1202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2006.11.007

Suweken, G., Waluyo, D., & Okassandiari, N. L. (2017). The improvement of students’ conceptual understanding and students’ academic language of mathematics through the implementation of SIOP model. International Research Journal of Management, IT and Social Sciences, 4(4), 58-69.

Tambunan, L., Rusdi, R., & Miarsyah, M. (2018). Efectiveness of Problem Based Learning Models by Using E-Learning and Learning Motivation Toward Students Learning Outcomes on Subject Circullation Systems. Indonesian Journal of Science and Education, 2(1), 96-104.

Thorne, K. (2003). Blended learning: how to integrate online & traditional learning. Kogan Page Publishers.

Tyley, S. (2012). Blended learning. Fire Risk Management.

Widana, I. W., Parwata, I. M. Y., Parmithi, N. N., Jayantika, I. G. A. T., Sukendra, K., & Sumandya, I. W. (2018). Higher order thinking skills assessment towards critical thinking on mathematics lesson. International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(1), 24-32. https://doi.org/10.29332/ijssh.v2n1.74

Wu, J. H., Tennyson, R. D., & Hsia, T. L. (2010). A study of student satisfaction in a blended e-learning system environment. Computers & Education, 55(1), 155-164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2009.12.012

How to Cite
Karma, I. G. M., Darma, I. K., & Santiana, I. M. A. (2019). Teaching strategies and technology integration in developing blended learning of applied mathematics subject. International Research Journal of Engineering, IT & Scientific Research, 5(5), 16-25. https://doi.org/10.21744/irjeis.v5n5.726