The semantic study of languages politics
Keywords:Political, Societies, Diversity, Semantics, Language
The Language has a very important role in social life. With language, one can achieve its objectives in all areas, not least in the political sphere. In politics, the politics, especially the government (authorities) should not admit defeat. In other words, the political language is the language of victory, the language which ensures the wearer will never marginalized. Variety of political language used by the authorities and published in the mass media today, seem more political than highlight aspects provide a clear understanding of the community. Variety of political language is spoken government or ruler lot packed in a rather confusing vocabulary, figurative meaning is not denotative, making it difficult to be understood by the public. Meaning as an object of study semantic structure is not very clear, especially in the political language diversity. In addition, political problems in a variety of language many of them are camouflage. This will affect people's perceptions, both positive and negative. To find out the meaning of a variety of language used by the political authorities, the research was conducted. The purpose of this study was to answer the question: (1) what is the meaning of diverse political language used by the authorities, and (2) what is the intended use of the language diversity of political authority. To achieve these objectives, designed the research literature. The data source of this research is the Bali Post newspaper began from October to December 2015, includes the field of economy, law, and politics (government). The object of study is the meaning of political language diversity and the intended use of political language diversity. Data associated with a variety of political language documents collected by recording techniques. Furthermore, the collected data were analyzed descriptively qualitative. The steps taken in analyzing the data is: (a) data reduction: choose words that are associated with a variety of political language that are the focus of this research; (b) the presentation of data: data obtained from the Bali Post newspaper presented in accordance with the data range of political language; and (c) drawing conclusions: inferred data related to the meaning of political language diversity and the intended use of the language diversity of political authority. The results showed that: (1) the meaning of diverse political language used by the authorities as an allegory, euphemism, suppression, and appeal. In addition, there are also combined figurative meaning and euphemism, and a combination of figurative meaning and emphasis. (2) the intended use of political language diversity is to vary the sentence, appreciate or respect, and emphasize or reinforce. Based on these results, suggestions put forward relating to the use of political language diversity is that the authorities (officials) use words or phrases that are simpler and understandable by the public.
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