Designing problem-based learning (PBL) model for tourism vocational education in 4.o industry
Keywords:4. O industry, critical thinking, globalization, problem-based learning, vocational education
The consequences of globalization should be anticipated and adjusted in education, especially the teaching and learning process. The revolution industry of 4.0 has caused some disruption in various aspects including education that is intended for the purpose of learning and innovation skills. The objective of this study is to improve the quality of learning by applying the literacy movement, character values as a provision for life and career skills using the PBL method in tourism vocational education. By applying the descriptive qualitative research method, the data, both primary and secondary, were collected through participant observation in three classes of different study programs in the Tourism Department, Bali State Polytechnic, interview, and literature study. The study found, so far, the implementation of PBL model in the classrooms has been effective. The essence of PBL is regarded as problem-solving activities, which is in the hierarchy of high order thinking skills (HOTS). As a result, the students while giving solutions to problems in various tourism workforce are able to master critical thinking skills, collaboration in teams/social interactions, and soft skills.
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