Evaluation of intellectual disability in Ecuador: a challenge for psychology
One of the crucial aspects that Psychology assumes in the study of people with limitations in the Republic of Ecuador is the approach to intellectual disability. It is precisely and, within the framework of the implementation of the Manuela Espejo Solidarity Mission, it was necessary to address this issue of high social impact, this purpose the methodology used in conducting previous studies has taken as background in Cuba and Venezuela and of which the largest of the Antilles has been protagonist and manager. With this work, the objective has pursued, in the first instance, of reflecting on the complexity of the subject, due to the factors so diverse and dynamic that intervene in the classification of the different levels of intellectual affectation. Descriptively, the methods used in the 24 provinces of Ecuador have explained, verifying their effectiveness in the sample studied by the specialty. It has suggested, as a significant element, the implementation of new psychometric methods for subsequent studies, as well as the creation of diagnostic centers that detect, from earlier ages, people with intellectual disabilities for better treatment, intervention and quality improvement of life.
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